Ovarian cancer classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Ovarian cancer is classified according to the histology of the tumor, obtained in a pathology report.


Histology dictates many aspects of clinical treatment, management, and prognosis.

Ovarian cancer often is primary, but can also be secondary, the result of metastasis from a primary cancer elsewhere in the body. For example, from breast cancer, or from gastrointestinal cancer (in which case the ovarian cancer is a Krukenberg cancer). Surface epithelial-stromal tumor can originate in the lining of the abdominal cavity, in which case the ovarian cancer is secondary to primary peritoneal cancer, but treatment is basically the same as for primary ovarian cancer of this type.

Cellular Classification of Ovarian tumor http://radiopaedia.org/articles/ovarian-tumours

ovarian tumor

  • Surface epithelial stromal ovarian tumor (60-70%)
  • ovarian serous tumor
  • ovarian serous cystadenoma: ~60% of serous tumor
  • ovarian borderline serous cystadenoma: ~15% of serous tumor
  • ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma: ~25% of serous tumor; commonest malignant ovarian tumour
  • ovarian mucinous tumor: ~20% of all ovarian tumor
  • ovarian mucinous cystadenoma: ~80% of mucinous tumor
  • ovarian bordeline mucinous cystadenoma: 10-15% of mucinous tumor
  • ovarian mucinous cystadenocarcinoma: 5-10% of mucinous tumor
  • ovarian endometrioid tumour: 8-15% of all ovarian tumor
  • clear cell ovarian carcinoma: ~5% of ovarian cancer
  • Brenner tumour: ~2.5% of ovarian epithelial neoplasms
  • squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary
  • ovarian cystadenofibroma / ovarian adenofibroma: can be serous, mucinous, endometrioid, clear cell or mixed
  • ovarian cystadenocarcinofibroma: extremely rare
  • undifferentiated carcinoma of the ovary: ~4% of all ovarian tumor
  • Germ cell ovarian tumor (~20%)
  • ovarian teratoma: commonest primary benign tumour of ovary
  • mature ovarian (cystic) teratoma
  • immature ovarian teratoma
  • specialised teratomas of the ovary
  • struma ovarii tumour
  • ovarian carcinoid tumor
  • ovarian dysgerminoma
  • ovarian yolk sac tumour: endodermal sinus tumour
  • ovarian embryonal carcinoma
  • ovarian choriocarcinoma: <1% of ovarian tumor
  • pure primary ovarian choriocarcinoma: extremely rare
  • malignant mixed germ cell tumour of the ovary
  • Sex cord / stromal ovarian tumor (8-10%)
  • ovarian fibrothecoma: ~5% of ovarian tumor
  • ovarian fibroma: ~4% of ovarian tumor
  • ovarian thecoma: ~1% of ovarian tumor
  • sclerosing stromal tumour of the ovary: rare
  • ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumour - ovarian androblastoma: ~0.5% of ovarian tumor
  • granulosa cell tumour of ovary: commonest malignant sex cord tumour
  • juvenile granulosa cell tumour of ovary
  • adult granulosa cell tumour of ovary
  • Mixed
  • uncommon:
  • ovarian carcinosarcoma <1%
  • Other
  • ovarian lymphoma
  • primary ovarian lymphoma
  • secondary involvement of the ovary with lymphoma
  • metastases to the ovary
  • Krukenburg tumour
  • other metastatic lesions to ovary