Hirsutism Non-pharmacological therapy
Hirsutism Non-pharmacological therapy On the Web
Non-pharmacologic medical therapies for hirsituism include lifestyle modification and some cosmetic measures. Lifestyle modifications are majorly for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients, include decreasing weight, exercise, diet, and smoking cessation. Cosmetic measures are classified as permanent methods, such as electrolysis or laser therapy, and transient home methods, such as pluking, shaving, waxing, chemical depilators, and bleaching.
- The main reason of hirsutism is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The main lifestyle modifications that can be suggested to PCOS patients are as followings:
- Smoking cessation can be encouraged, because of lowering probability of side effects from hirsutism pharmacological therapy, such as cardiovascular events resulting from oral contraceptive pills (OCPs).
- The main effects that lifestyle modification may have are including:
- There are various means of cosmetic treatment for hirsutism, they are including:
Permanent hair removal
- Laser therapy
- Using Laser for damaging the hair follicle and pausing its growth through the skin
- It may take several sessions of treatment to get rid of the hairs, completely.
- The most prevalent side effects are skin irritation and inflammation after the sessions of laser therapy.
- In patients with tanned or dark skin, it may lead to skin burn and also hyperpigmentation.
- Different lasers for hair removal are including:
- 694-nm ruby laser
- 1064-nm Q-switched Nd: YAG laser
- 755 nm long-pulsed alexandrite
- 800-nm diode laser
- Here is the choice of specific laser for different types of the skin/hair complexion:
|Skin/hair color||Choice of photoepilation device|
|Light skin/dark hair||Relatively short wavelength|
|Dark skin/dark hair||Relatively long wavelength or intense pulsed light (IPL)|
|Light skin/white hair||IPL + radiofrequency|
Transient hair removal
- Chemical depilators
- These topical solutions are as gels, lotions, or creams.
- The first step is to spread the solution on the skin.
- Then, these solutions will breaking down the proteins in the shaft of the hairs; therefore, hairs become removed from skin surface level.
- Regarding the formulation of the depilators, they may lead to irritation and allergy.
- In this method, the main purpose is to bleach the hairs color, instead of removing them.
- Decoloration of the hair makes the hairs invisible and prevent the need to remove them complete.
- Regarding the formulation of the bleaches, they may lead to irritation and allergy. Therefore, it is suggested to test on a small skin area first.
- Escobar-Morreale HF (2010). "Diagnosis and management of hirsutism". Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1205: 166–74. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05652.x. PMID 20840269.
- Koulouri O, Conway GS (2008). "A systematic review of commonly used medical treatments for hirsutism in women". Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf). 68 (5): 800–5. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2265.2007.03105.x. PMID 17980017.
- Blume-Peytavi U (2011). "An overview of unwanted female hair". Br. J. Dermatol. 165 Suppl 3: 19–23. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10632.x. PMID 22171681.
- Bode D, Seehusen DA, Baird D (2012). "Hirsutism in women". Am Fam Physician. 85 (4): 373–80. PMID 22335316.
- Richards RN, Meharg GE (1995). "Electrolysis: observations from 13 years and 140,000 hours of experience". J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 33 (4): 662–6. PMID 7673501.
- Franks, Stephen (2012). "The investigation and management of hirsutism". Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. 38 (3): 182–186. doi:10.1136/jfprhc-2011-100175. ISSN 1471-1893.
- Lanigan SW (2001). "Management of unwanted hair in females". Clin. Exp. Dermatol. 26 (8): 644–7. PMID 11722446.
- Dierickx CC, Grossman MC, Farinelli WA, Anderson RR (1998). "Permanent hair removal by normal-mode ruby laser". Arch Dermatol. 134 (7): 837–42. PMID 9681347.
- Sanchez LA, Perez M, Azziz R (2002). "Laser hair reduction in the hirsute patient: a critical assessment". Hum. Reprod. Update. 8 (2): 169–81. PMID 12099632.
- Goh CL (2003). "Comparative study on a single treatment response to long pulse Nd:YAG lasers and intense pulse light therapy for hair removal on skin type IV to VI--is longer wavelengths lasers preferred over shorter wavelengths lights for assisted hair removal". J Dermatolog Treat. 14 (4): 243–7. doi:10.1080/09546630310004171. PMID 14660273.