Flexor retinaculum of foot

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Ligament: Flexor retinaculum of foot
Latin r. musculorum flexorum pedis, ligamentum laciniatum
Gray's subject #130 489
From tibial malleolus
To margin of the calcaneus
Dorlands/Elsevier r_10/12706100

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Overview

The laciniate ligament (internal annular ligament, flexor retinaculum of foot) is a strong fibrous band, extending from the tibial malleolus above to the margin of the calcaneus below, converting a series of bony grooves in this situation into canals for the passage of the tendons of the Flexor muscles and the posterior tibial vessels and tibial nerve into the sole of the foot.

It is continuous by its upper border with the deep fascia of the leg, and by its lower border with the plantar aponeurosis and the fibers of origin of the Abductor hallucis muscle.

Enumerated from the medial side, the four canals which it forms transmit the tendon of the Tibialis posterior; the tendon of the Flexor digitorum longus; the posterior tibial vessels and tibial nerve, which run through a broad space beneath the ligament; and lastly, in a canal formed partly by the talus, the tendon of the Flexor hallucis longus.

External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.



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