Ependymoma medical therapy

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Ependymoma Microchapters

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Overview

Classification

Historical Perspective

Pathophysiology

Causes

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Differentiating Ependymoma from other Diseases

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Medical Therapy

  • The malignant (anaplastic) varieties of this tumor, malignant ependymoma and the ependymoblastoma, are treated similarly to medulloblastoma but the prognosis is much less favorable. Malignant ependymomas may be treated with a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Radiation Therapy

  • For this reason, well-differentiated ependymomas are usually treated with radiation therapy only. Ependymoblastomas, which occur in infants and children younger than 5 years of age, may spread through the cerebrospinal fluid and usually require radiation therapy. The subependymoma, a variant of the ependymoma, is apt to arise in the fourth ventricle but may occur in the septum pellucidum and the cervical spinal cord.

References


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