Chronic neutrophilic leukemia laboratory findings

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Homa Najafi, M.D.[2]; Grammar Reviewer: Natalie Harpenau, B.S.[3]


A chronic elevated concentration of blood mature neutrophils is diagnostic for chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL). There are other blood, bone marrow and genetic tests which help the diagnosis of CNL.

Laboratory Findings

A chronic elevated concentration of blood mature neutrophils is diagnostic for CNL.[1]

Some patients with CNL may have:[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]

Blood tests:

Blood chemistry tests:

Blood vitamin analysis:

Genetic tests:


  1. 1.0 1.1 Elliott, M A; Hanson, C A; Dewald, G W; Smoley, S A; Lasho, T L; Tefferi, A (2004). "WHO-defined chronic neutrophilic leukemia: a long-term analysis of 12 cases and a critical review of the literature". Leukemia. 19 (2): 313–317. doi:10.1038/sj.leu.2403562. ISSN 0887-6924.
  2. Hasle, Henrik; Olesen, Gitte; Kerndrup, GITTE; Philip, Preben; Jacobsen, Niels (1996). "Chronic neutrophil leukaemia in adolescence and young adulthood". British Journal of Haematology. 94 (4): 628–630. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2141.1996.7082329.x. ISSN 0007-1048.
  3. Elliott, Michelle A. (2006). "Chronic neutrophilic leukemia and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia: WHO defined". Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology. 19 (3): 571–593. doi:10.1016/j.beha.2005.07.012. ISSN 1521-6926.
  4. Arber, D. A.; Orazi, A.; Hasserjian, R.; Thiele, J.; Borowitz, M. J.; Le Beau, M. M.; Bloomfield, C. D.; Cazzola, M.; Vardiman, J. W. (2016). "The 2016 revision to the World Health Organization classification of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia". Blood. 127 (20): 2391–2405. doi:10.1182/blood-2016-03-643544. ISSN 0006-4971.
  5. Elliott, Michelle A.; Pardanani, Animesh; Hanson, Curtis A.; Lasho, Terra L.; Finke, Christy M.; Belachew, Alem A.; Tefferi, Ayalew (2015). "ASXL1mutations are frequent and prognostically detrimental inCSF3R-mutated chronic neutrophilic leukemia". American Journal of Hematology. 90 (7): 653–656. doi:10.1002/ajh.24031. ISSN 0361-8609.
  6. John T. Reilly (2002). "Chronic neutrophilic leukaemia: a distinct clinical entity?". British journal of haematology. 116 (1): 10–18. PMID 11841395. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  7. Piliotis, E.; Kutas, G.; Lipton, J.H. (2009). "Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation in the Management of Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia". Leukemia & Lymphoma. 43 (10): 2051–2054. doi:10.1080/1042819021000016087. ISSN 1042-8194.
  8. Donato, Carlo Di; Croci, Gianfranco; Lazzari, Stefano; Scarduelli, Laura; Vignoli, Roberto; Buia, Marco; Tramaloni, Casimiro; Maccari, Sergio; Plancher, Angelo Cesare (1986). "Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia: Description of a New Case with Karyotypic Abnormalities". American Journal of Clinical Pathology. 85 (3): 369–371. doi:10.1093/ajcp/85.3.369. ISSN 1943-7722.
  9. Michelle A. Elliott (2004). "Chronic neutrophilic leukemia: a contemporary review". Current hematology reports. 3 (3): 210–217. PMID 15087070. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  10. Donald P. Mc Lornan, Melanie J. Percy, Amy V. Jones, Nicholas C. P. Cross & Mary Frances Mc Mullin (2005). "Chronic neutrophilic leukemia with an associated V617F JAK2 tyrosine kinase mutation". Haematologica. 90 (12): 1696–1697. PMID 16330446. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  11. Pardanani, A; Lasho, T L; Laborde, R R; Elliott, M; Hanson, C A; Knudson, R A; Ketterling, R P; Maxson, J E; Tyner, J W; Tefferi, A (2013). "CSF3R T618I is a highly prevalent and specific mutation in chronic neutrophilic leukemia". Leukemia. 27 (9): 1870–1873. doi:10.1038/leu.2013.122. ISSN 0887-6924.
  12. Maxson, Julia E.; Gotlib, Jason; Pollyea, Daniel A.; Fleischman, Angela G.; Agarwal, Anupriya; Eide, Christopher A.; Bottomly, Daniel; Wilmot, Beth; McWeeney, Shannon K.; Tognon, Cristina E.; Pond, J. Blake; Collins, Robert H.; Goueli, Basem; Oh, Stephen T.; Deininger, Michael W.; Chang, Bill H.; Loriaux, Marc M.; Druker, Brian J.; Tyner, Jeffrey W. (2013). "Oncogenic CSF3R Mutations in Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia and Atypical CML". New England Journal of Medicine. 368 (19): 1781–1790. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1214514. ISSN 0028-4793.
  13. Gotlib, J.; Maxson, J. E.; George, T. I.; Tyner, J. W. (2013). "The new genetics of chronic neutrophilic leukemia and atypical CML: implications for diagnosis and treatment". Blood. 122 (10): 1707–1711. doi:10.1182/blood-2013-05-500959. ISSN 0006-4971.
  14. Meggendorfer, M.; Haferlach, T.; Alpermann, T.; Jeromin, S.; Haferlach, C.; Kern, W.; Schnittger, S. (2014). "Specific molecular mutation patterns delineate chronic neutrophilic leukemia, atypical chronic myeloid leukemia, and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia". Haematologica. 99 (12): e244–e246. doi:10.3324/haematol.2014.113159. ISSN 0390-6078.
  15. Cui, Yajuan; Li, Bing; Gale, Robert Peter; Jiang, Qian; Xu, Zefeng; Qin, Tiejun; Zhang, Peihong; Zhang, Yue; Xiao, Zhijian (2014). "CSF3R, SETBP1 and CALR mutations in chronic neutrophilic leukemia". Journal of Hematology & Oncology. 7 (1). doi:10.1186/s13045-014-0077-1. ISSN 1756-8722.
  16. Dao, K.-H. T.; Tyner, J. W. (2015). "What's different about atypical CML and chronic neutrophilic leukemia?". Hematology. 2015 (1): 264–271. doi:10.1182/asheducation-2015.1.264. ISSN 1520-4391.