Cardiac disease in pregnancy electrocardiogram

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Cardiac disease in pregnancy Microchapters

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Overview

Pathophysiology

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Electrocardiogram

Exercise Testing

Radiation Exposure

Chest X Ray

Echocardiography

MRI

CT

Catheterization:

Pulmonary artery catheterization
Cardiac catheterization
Cardiac Ablation

Treatment

Cardiovascular Drugs in Pregnancy

Labor and delivery

Resuscitation in Late Pregnancy

Contraindications to pregnancy

Special Scenarios:

I. Pre-existing Cardiac Disease:
Congenital Heart Disease
Repaired Congenital Heart Disease
Pulmonary Hypertension
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Connective Tissue Disorders
II. Valvular Heart Disease:
Mitral Stenosis
Mitral Regurgitation
Aortic Insufficiency
Aortic Stenosis
Mechanical Prosthetic Valves
Tissue Prosthetic Valves
III. Cardiomyopathy:
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Peripartum Cardiomyopathy
IV. Cardiac diseases that may develop During Pregnancy:
Arrhythmias
Acute Myocardial Infarction
Hypertension

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-In-Chief:Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, M.B.B.S. [2]

Overview

The common electrocardiographic findings that occur secondary to physiological changes during pregnancy include: tachycardia, short PR interval and left axis deviation.

Electrocardiogram

  • Left axis deviation attributed to horizontal position of the heart resulting from progressive uterine enlargement.[1]

References

  1. Schwartz DB, Schamroth L (1979). "The effect of pregnancy on the frontal plane QRS axis". Journal of Electrocardiology. 12 (3): 279–81. PMID 469442. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  2. Boyle DM, Lloyd-Jones RL (1966). "The electrocardiographic ST segment in pregnancy". The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the British Commonwealth. 73 (6): 986–7. PMID 5927791. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. ORAM S, HOLT M (1961). "Innocent depression of the S-T segment and flattening of the T-wave during pregnancy". The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the British Empire. 68: 765–70. PMID 14482159. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)


Cardiology