Mechanical ventilation terminology

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vishnu Vardhan Serla M.B.B.S. [2]

Terminology [1]

Terminology used in the field of mechanical ventilation and respiratory support:

  • ASB Assisted Spontaneous Breathing -- , also ASV = Assisted Spontaneous Ventilation
  • ASV Adaptive Support Ventilation -- closed-loop mechanical respiration, a further development of MMV
  • PSV Pressure Support Ventilation -- supported spontaneous respiration, see also ASB
  • APRV Airway Pressure Release Ventilation
  • BIPAP Biphasic Positive Airway Pressure
  • TNI Therapy with Nasal Insufflation -- nasal High-Flow mechanical ventialtion for respiration support
  • CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
  • CPPV Continuous Positive Pressure Ventilation
  • EPAP Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure
  • CMV Continuous Mandatory Ventilation
  • PCMV (P-CMV) Pressure Controlled Mandatory Ventilation
  • VCMV (V-CMV) Volume Controlled Mandatory Ventilation
  • PC Pressure Control -- pressure controlled, fully mechanical ventilation
  • PCV Pressure Controlled Ventilation -- pressure controlled, fully mechanical ventilation
  • VCV Volume Controlled Ventilation -- volume controlled, fully mechanical ventilation
  • S-CPPV Synchronized Continuous Positive Pressure Ventilation
  • HFV High Frequency Ventilation
    • HFPPV High Frequency Positive Pressure Ventilation
    • HFOV High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation
    • HFJV High Frequency Jet Ventilation
    • HFFI High Frequency Flow Interruption
  • LFPPV Low Frequency Positive Pressure Ventilation
  • ILV Independent Lung Ventilation -- separate sides positive pressure ventilation
  • IPAP Inspiratory Positive Airway Pressure
  • IPPV Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation
  • S-IPPV Synchronized Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation
  • (S)IMV (Synchronized) Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation
  • MMV Mandatory Minute Volume
  • IRV Inversed Ratio Ventilation -- mechanical ventilation with switched respiration phases/time rate
  • PEEP Positive End-Expiratory Pressure
  • PNPV Positive Negative Pressure Ventilation -- switching pressure mechanical ventilation
  • ZAP Zero Airway Pressure -- Spontaneous respiration under Atmospheric pressure
  • PPS Proportional Pressure Support
  • ATC Automatic Tube Compensation


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