Shigellosis risk factors
Shigellosis risk factors On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Shigellosis risk factors
All individuals are at risk of developing shigellosis. Individuals at high risk of developing shigellosis or complications of shigellosis are young children between the age of 2 to 5, elderly individuals, and individuals who engage in anal sexual intercourse, HIV-positive individuals, and travelers to developing countries in regions of poor sanitation.
- Individuals living in regions of poor sanitation with inadequate supply of clean water are at risk of developing shigellosis.
- The majority of shigellosis cases are reported in childcare/school settings or among families with small children.
- Children between the age of 2 to 5 are most susceptible to shigellosis infection and to death associated with the infection.
Anal Sexual Intercourse
- Individuals who engage in anal sexual intercourse are at risk of developing shigellosis.
- Shigella is transmitted via the fecal-oral route. Individuals who engage with anal sexual intercourse may be exposed to fecal residue.
- HIV-positive patients and patients with advanced cancers may develop severe and prolonged forms of shigellosis and are at high risk of developing bacteremia.
- Individuals with malnutrition may develop severe forms of shigellosis.
- Individuals who travel to developing countries are at risk of shigellosis following ingestion of contaminated food and water.
- Swimming in regions with poor sanitation during travel further increases the risk of developing shigellosis.