Scrotal swelling causes

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Scrotal swelling Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Scrotal Swelling from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Chest X Ray



Echocardiography or Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Scrotal swelling causes On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Scrotal swelling causes

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Scrotal swelling causes

CDC on Scrotal swelling causes

Scrotal swelling causes in the news

Blogs on Scrotal swelling causes

Directions to Hospitals Treating Scrotal swelling

Risk calculators and risk factors for Scrotal swelling causes

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Steven C. Campbell, M.D., Ph.D. Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Luke Rusowicz-Orazem, B.S.


Scrotal swelling is usually caused by trauma to the scrotum, including the testicles, epididymus, and spermatic cord. Less commonly, it can be caused by bacterial and viral infection. It is critically important to examine for tumors, as malignant conditions such as testicular cancer and other sources of cell metastasis can cause scrotal swelling and are life-threatening conditions.

Causes[1] [2]

Life Threatening Causes

Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Congestive heart failure, Varicocoele
Chemical/Poisoning Insect bite
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic Folliculitis, Gumma
Drug Side Effect Drugs
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine No underlying causes
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic Desmoplastic small round cell tumour
Genetic Aromatase deficiency, Atkin-flaitz-patil syndrome, Fragile x syndrome, Ppm-x syndrome
Hematologic Haematocele, Hsp, Lymphomas, Scrotal haematoma, Thrombosis of spermatic veins
Iatrogenic Surgery
Infectious Disease Gumma, Mumps, Orchitis, Scrotal abscess, Scrotal parasitosis, Sebaceous cyst
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic No underlying causes
Neurologic Shprintzen-goldberg craniosynostosis syndrome
Nutritional/Metabolic No underlying causes
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic Desmoplastic small round cell tumour, Leydig cell tumor, Lipoma of spermatic cord, Lymphomas, Metastases, Seminoma, Sertoli cell tumor, Teratoma, Testicular cancer
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric No underlying causes
Pulmonary No underlying causes
Renal/Electrolyte No underlying causes
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Polyarteritis nodosa
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma Hernia, Infarction, Inguinal hernia, Injury, Insect bite, Scrotal hernia, Testicular torsion, Torsion of testes, Torsion of epididymus, Torsion of spermatic cord, Trauma
Urologic Acute epididymitis, Aromatase deficiency, Epididymal cyst, Epididymitis, Epididymo-orchitis, Hernia, Hydrocele, Infarction, Inguinal hernia, Injury, Scrotal haematoma, Scrotal gangrene, Scrotal hernia, Scrotal parasitosis, Spermatocele, Testicular cancer, Testicular torsion, Torsion of testes, Torsion of epididymus, Torsion of spermatic cord, Twisted echinococcal cyst, Varicocoele
Miscellaneous No underlying causes

Causes in Alphabetical Order


  1. Sailer, Christian, Wasner, Susanne. Differential Diagnosis Pocket. Hermosa Beach, CA: Borm Bruckmeir Publishing LLC, 2002:77 ISBN 1591032016
  2. Kahan, Scott, Smith, Ellen G. In A Page: Signs and Symptoms. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2004:68 ISBN 140510368X

Template:WH Template:WS