Neck pain risk factors

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The most potent risk factors in the development of uncomplicated neck pain is poor posture, anxiety and depression, neck strain, occupational injuries, or sporting injuries.Other risk factors include mechanical and degenerative factors, soft-tissue trauma, most typically seen in whiplash injuries. Disc prolapse and inflammatory, infective, or malignant conditions affect the cervical spine are less common risk factors.

Risk Factors

Common Risk Factors

  • Common risk factors in the development of neck pain may be occupational, environmental, genetic, and viral.
  • Common risk factors in the development of neck pain include:
    • poor posture
    • anxiety
    • depression
    • neck strain
    • occupational injuries
    • sporting injuries
    • mechanical and degenerative factors
    • whiplash injuries[1][2][3][4]

Less Common Risk Factors

  • Less common risk factors in the development of neck pain include:
    • Disc prolapse and inflammatory
    • infective
    • malignant conditions affect the cervical spine [1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Hernández M, Fragoso J, Barrio R, Argente J, Arilla E (1988). "Subcutaneous treatment with growth hormone-releasing hormone for short stature". Horm Res. 30 (6): 252–7. doi:10.1159/000181072. PMID 2907992.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Binder A (2007). "The diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific neck pain and whiplash". Eura Medicophys. 43 (1): 79–89. PMID 17369782.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Mahmoud NF, Hassan KA, Abdelmajeed SF, Moustafa IM, Silva AG (2019). "The Relationship Between Forward Head Posture and Neck Pain: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis". Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 12 (4): 562–577. doi:10.1007/s12178-019-09594-y. PMC 6942109 Check |pmc= value (help). PMID 31773477.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Oliva-Pascual-Vaca Á, González-González C, Oliva-Pascual-Vaca J, Piña-Pozo F, Ferragut-Garcías A, Fernández-Domínguez JC; et al. (2019). "Visceral Origin: An Underestimated Source of Neck Pain. A Systematic Scoping Review". Diagnostics (Basel). 9 (4). doi:10.3390/diagnostics9040186. PMC 6963844 Check |pmc= value (help). PMID 31726685.

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