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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. 
Myocardial edema refers to intercellular (i.e. betweeen myocytes) fluid. It is observed in patients with reperfusion injury following ST elevation myocardial infarction and myocarditis. It has been hypohtesized that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mediates the accumulation of this intercellular fluid.