Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection physical examination
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Patients with MERS-CoV infection typically present with vital signs derangement, such as high-grade fever, tachycardia, tachypnea, and decreased oxygen saturation. Signs on physical examination may include decreased breath sounds, crackles, dullness on percussion, and increased tactile fremitus on pulmonary auscultation. Signs of complications may also be present, such as profound hypotension (suggestive of shock) or pericardial rub (suggestive of pericarditis).
Typical signs on physical examination for MERS-CoV primary infection are shown below. Additionally, signs for MERS-CoV-associated complications may also be present.
- Tonsillar swelling
- Decreased breath sounds
- Crackles, rhonchi, wheezing on pulmonary auscultation
- Dullness on thoracic percussion
- Increased tactile fremitus
- High intensity egophony
- Dyall J, Coleman CM, Hart BJ, Venkataraman T, Holbrook MR, Kindrachuk J; et al. (2014). "Repurposing of clinically developed drugs for treatment of Middle East Respiratory Coronavirus Infection". Antimicrob Agents Chemother. doi:10.1128/AAC.03036-14. PMID 24841273.
- "Clinical management of severe acute respiratory infections when novel coronavirus is suspected: What to do and what not to do" (PDF).
- "MERS Prevention and Treatment".
- Memish, Ziad A.; Zumla, Alimuddin I.; Assiri, Abdullah (2013). "Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infections in Health Care Workers". New England Journal of Medicine. 369 (9): 884–886. doi:10.1056/NEJMc1308698. ISSN 0028-4793.