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WikiDoc Resources for Microstomia


Most recent articles on Microstomia

Most cited articles on Microstomia

Review articles on Microstomia

Articles on Microstomia in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ


Powerpoint slides on Microstomia

Images of Microstomia

Photos of Microstomia

Podcasts & MP3s on Microstomia

Videos on Microstomia

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Microstomia

Bandolier on Microstomia

TRIP on Microstomia

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Microstomia at Clinical Trials.gov

Trial results on Microstomia

Clinical Trials on Microstomia at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Microstomia

NICE Guidance on Microstomia


FDA on Microstomia

CDC on Microstomia


Books on Microstomia


Microstomia in the news

Be alerted to news on Microstomia

News trends on Microstomia


Blogs on Microstomia


Definitions of Microstomia

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Microstomia

Discussion groups on Microstomia

Patient Handouts on Microstomia

Directions to Hospitals Treating Microstomia

Risk calculators and risk factors for Microstomia

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Microstomia

Causes & Risk Factors for Microstomia

Diagnostic studies for Microstomia

Treatment of Microstomia

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Microstomia


Microstomia en Espanol

Microstomia en Francais


Microstomia in the Marketplace

Patents on Microstomia

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Microstomia

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Luke Rusowicz-Orazem, B.S.


Microstomia (micro- a combining form meaning small + -stomia a combining form meaning mouth = (abnormally) "small mouth") is a clinical feature of many craniofacial syndromes, including Freeman-Sheldon syndrome and Sheldon-Hall syndromes (or distal arthrogryposis multiplex congenita). It may present with whistling-face feature, as well, as in Freeman-Sheldon syndrome. In this syndrome, it impairs alimentation and may require oral commissurotomies, with subsequent revisions, to improve function.


Life Threatening Causes

There are no causes of microstomia that are life-threatening.

Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular No underlying causes
Chemical/Poisoning Chemical burn, Electrical burn, Orofacial burns
Dental Lip resection, Micrognathia with peromelia, Oral surgery, Whistling baby syndrome
Dermatologic Restrictive dermopathy
Drug Side Effect No underlying causes
Ear Nose Throat Oro-palatal dysplasia
Endocrine No underlying causes
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic No underlying causes
Genetic Auriculo-condylar syndrome, Burton syndrome, Craniocarpotarsal dysplasia, Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica, Fibrochondrogenesis, Fine-lubinsky syndrome, Freeman-sheldon syndrome, Fryns-van den berghe syndrome, Hallermann-streiff syndrome (hss), Hennekam syndrome, Leopard syndrome, Micrognathia with peromelia, Mobius syndrome, Onat syndrome, Oro-palatal dysplasia, Otocephaly-dysgnathia complex, Restrictive dermopathy, Schwartz-jampel-aberfeld syndrome, Velocardiofacial syndrome, Whistling baby syndrome
Hematologic No underlying causes
Iatrogenic Lip resection, Oral surgery, Radiotherapy
Infectious Disease No underlying causes
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic Amyotrophy
Neurologic Down syndrome, Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica, Velocardiofacial syndrome
Nutritional/Metabolic No underlying causes
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic No underlying causes
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric No underlying causes
Pulmonary No underlying causes
Renal/Electrolyte No underlying causes
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Crest syndrome
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma Chemical burn, Electrical burn, Orofacial burns, Physical trauma
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous No underlying causes

Causes in Alphabetical Order


Template:Congenital malformations and deformations of eye, ear, face and neck

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