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Virus classification
Group: Group I (dsDNA)
Family: Herpesviridae
Subfamily: Gammaherpesvirinae
Genus: Lymphocryptovirus


Lymphocryptoviruses (LCV, gamma-1 herpesviruses) are a genus of herpesviruses that include the human Epstein-Barr virus as well as viruses that infect both Old World monkeys and New World monkeys. [1] Other names for the Lymphocryptovirus genus include Lymphocryptoviridae and gamma-1 herpesviruses.

Lymphocryptovirus species

  • human Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, Human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4)
  • chimpanzee lymphocryptovirus (Pongine herpesvirus 1, PoHV-1, Herpesvirus pan)
  • orangutan lymphocryptovirus (Pongine herpesvirus 2, PoHV-2, Orangutan herpesvirus)
  • Herpesvirus gorilla|gorilla lymphocryptovirus]] (Herpesvirus gorilla, Pongine herpesvirus 3, PoHV-3)
  • baboon lymphocryptovirus (baboon herpesvirus, Herpesvirus papio, HVP, Cercopithecine herpesvirus 12, CeHV-12)
  • African green monkey EBV-like virus (Cercopithecine herpesvirus 14, CeHV-14)
  • rhesus lymphocryptovirus (rhesus LCV, RLV, Cercopithecine HV 15)
  • marmoset lymphocryptovirus (Callitrichine HV 3, CalHV-3, CHV3)

ICTVdB Index of Viruses


  1. Wang F, Rivailler P, Rao P, Cho Y. "Simian homologues of Epstein-Barr virus". Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2001 Apr 29;356(1408):489-97. PMID 11313007.

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