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Ebola classification On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Ebola classification
Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Guillermo Rodriguez Nava, M.D. ; João André Alves Silva, M.D. 
Ebola virus can be classified into 5 subtypes: Zaïre, Sudan, Reston, Tai (Ivory Coast) and Bundibugyo, according to the place of discovery.
The table below summarizes the ebola virus strains identified until now:
|Ebola Virus Strain||Place of Discovery||Date Identified|
|Sudan ebolavirus||Nzara and Maridi, Sudan||Between June and November 1976|
|Zaire ebolavirus||Yambuku, Democratic Republic of the Congo||Between August and November 1976|
|Reston ebolavirus||Reston, Virginia, US.||November 1989|
|Ivory Coast ebolavirus||Tai Forest, Ivory Coast.||November 1994|
|Bundibugyo ebolavirus||Bundibugyo District, Uganda||November 2007|
- Among the five strains, Zaïre Ebolavirus carries the highest mortality rate.
- A virus of the genus Ebolavirus is considered member of the species Zaire ebolavirus if:
- It is found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, or the Republic of the Congo.
- It has a genome with two or three gene overlaps (VP35/VP40, GP/VP30, VP24/L).
- It has a genomic sequence that differs from the virus type by less than 30%.
- A virus of the genus Ebolavirus is considered member of the species Sudan ebolavirus if:
- A virus of the genus Ebolavirus is considered member of the species Reston ebolavirus if:
- If its genome diverges from that of the prototype Reston virus, the Reston virus variant Pennsylvania, by ≤10% at the nucleotide level.
Tai (Ivory Coast) Ebolavirus
- A virus of the genus Ebolavirus is considered member of the species Tai Forest ebolavirus if:
- A virus of the genus Ebolavirus is considered member of the species Bundibugyo ebolavirus if:
- It is endemic in Uganda.
- It has a genome with three gene overlaps (VP35/VP40, GP/VP30, VP24/L).
- It has a genomic sequence different from Ebola virus by ≥30%, but different from that of Bundibugyo virus by <30%.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Kuhn, Jens H.; Becker, Stephan; Ebihara, Hideki; Geisbert, Thomas W.; Johnson, Karl M.; Kawaoka, Yoshihiro; Lipkin, W. Ian; Negredo, Ana I.; Netesov, Sergey V.; Nichol, Stuart T.; Palacios, Gustavo; Peters, Clarence J.; Tenorio, Antonio; Volchkov, Viktor E.; Jahrling, Peter B. (2010). "Proposal for a revised taxonomy of the family Filoviridae: classification, names of taxa and viruses, and virus abbreviations". Archives of Virology. 155 (12): 2083–2103. doi:10.1007/s00705-010-0814-x. ISSN 0304-8608.