Bursitis causes

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sara Mehrsefat, M.D. [2] Luke Rusowicz-Orazem, B.S.


Aseptic bursitis is commonly caused by prolonged pressure, overuse, or strenuous activity. Elbows and knees are the most commonly affected because they are rested upon more than many other parts of the body with bursae and they also get the most repetitive use. Shoulder bursitis is more commonly due to overuse of the shoulder joint and muscles. Inflammation of bursae can also be caused by other inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and Spondyloarthritis. Gout and pseudogout can also be a cause of bursitis. Common causes of septic bursitis include Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Streptococcus spp.[1][2][3][4][5]

Common Causes


Common causes of aseptic bursitis include:[1][2][3]


Common causes of septic bursitis include:[2][4][5]

Less commonly, septic bursitis is caused by:

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular No underlying causes
Chemical/Poisoning No underlying causes
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect Celexa, Lexapro, Prozac, Sarafem
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine No underlying causes
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic No underlying causes
Genetic No underlying causes
Hematologic Blood disease
Iatrogenic No underlying causes
Infectious Disease Haemophilus influenzae, Joint infection , Mcobacteria, Sporothrix schenckii, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus spp
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic Scoliosis
Neurologic No underlying causes
Nutritional/Metabolic Obesity, Overweight
Obstetric/Gynecologic No underlying causes
Oncologic No underlying causes
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric No underlying causes
Pulmonary No underlying causes
Renal/Electrolyte Renal disease
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Arthritis, Crystal-induced arthropathy, Gout, Joint infection , Joint injury, Joint overuse, Pseudogout, Pyrophosphate arthropathy, Rheumatoid arthritis, Rheumatoid disease, Scleroderma , Spondyloarthritis, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Tophaceous gout
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma Joint injury, Joint overuse, Overuse or excessive strenuous activity, Prolonged pressure, Trauma
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous No underlying causes

Causes in Alphabetical Order


  1. 1.0 1.1 Walker‐Bone, Karen, et al. "Prevalence and impact of musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb in the general population." Arthritis Care & Research 51.4 (2004): 642-651.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Wang JP, Granlund KF, Bozzette SA, Botte MJ, Fierer J (2000). "Bursal sporotrichosis: case report and review". Clin Infect Dis. 31 (2): 615–6. doi:10.1086/313983. PMID 10987734.
  3. 3.0 3.1 National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin disease, Bursitis. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bursitis/default.asp Accessed August 25, 2016
  4. 4.0 4.1 McAfee JH, Smith DL (1988). "Olecranon and prepatellar bursitis. Diagnosis and treatment". West J Med. 149 (5): 607–10. PMC 1026560. PMID 3074561.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Stell IM, Gransden WR (1998). "Simple tests for septic bursitis: comparative study". BMJ. 316 (7148): 1877. PMC 28586. PMID 9632407.

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