Unsaponifiables are components of an oil, fat, wax, etc. that do not saponify. Unsaponifiables are important when creating a soap recipe in the process of soapmaking. Unsaponifiables can be beneficial to a soap formula, because they may have desirable properies such as moisturization, conditioning, vitamins, texture, etc.
Percentage of unsaponifiables
The percentage of unsaponifiables in a substance can range from <1% up to 50+%.
Here are some examples of the various unsaponifiable percentage levels:
- low percentage (<1%) : refined oils, refined shea butter, olive oil
- high percentage (6-17%): unrefined shea butter
- very high percentage (50+%): beeswax