Sideroblastic anemia (patient information)

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Sideroblastic anemia

Overview

What are the symptoms?

What are the causes?

Who is at highest risk?

Diagnosis

When to seek urgent medical care?

Treatment options

Where to find medical care for Sideroblastic anemia?

Prevention

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Possible complications

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Overview

Sideroblastic anaemia is a blood condition where body produces enough iron but is unable to put it into the haemoglobin. A sideroblast is a cell in which there is an abnormally large build up or iron. Sideroblastic anaemia is a rare disorder. Some forms of the condition are X-linked. Some forms, usually seen in adults, are acquired by exposure to alcohol, lead or drugs.

What are the symptoms of Sideroblastic anemia?

What causes Sideroblastic anemia?

Sideroblastic anemia can be caused by heriditory or acquired factors.

Heriditory causes of sideroblastic anemia include

Who is at highest risk?

Diagnosis

The diagnostic workup for sideroblastic include

When to seek urgent medical care?

You should go to urgent care immediatly if you experience:

Treatment options

  • There are various drugs that are used to treat sideroblastic anaemia, including pyridoxine.

Where to find medical care for Sideroblastic anemia?

Where to find Medical Care for (Disease name)?

Medical care for (Sideroblastic anemia) can be found here.

Prevention

We can not prevent the heriditory sideroblastic anemia but we can take following measures to prevent acquired form of syderoblastic anemia.

    • Refraining from alcohol
    • Avoid excessive intake of zinc
    • Nutritional supplements
    • Pyridoxine prophylaxis with isoniazid
    • Prenatal genetic counseling in high risk pregnancies.

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

The prognosis depends on the severity of the disease. Finding the cause is the main factor which determines the prognosis

Possible complications

As sideroblastic anemia has a vast majority of causes the complications depends on the specific etiology


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