Sick sinus syndrome epidemiology and demographics

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Epidemiology and Demographics

Age and Gender

Sick sinus syndrome usually occurs in people older than 50. It is uncommon in children, but if present, it is usually secondary to trauma to the atrium during cardiac surgery. [1]

The incidence of SSS increases with increasing age, occuring in 1 of every 600 cardiac patients above the age of 65; however no difference in incidence was seen between men and women. [2] In addition, the black population was found to have a 41% lower risk of developing SSS as compared to the white population. [3] The number of SSS cases in the United States is expected to more than double over the next 50 years. [3]

References

  1. Ewy GA (2014). "Sick sinus syndrome: synopsis". J Am Coll Cardiol. 64 (6): 539–40. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.05.029. PMID 25104520.
  2. Dobrzynski H, Boyett MR, Anderson RH (2007). "New insights into pacemaker activity: promoting understanding of sick sinus syndrome". Circulation. 115 (14): 1921–32. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.616011. PMID 17420362.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Jensen PN, Gronroos NN, Chen LY, Folsom AR, deFilippi C, Heckbert SR; et al. (2014). "Incidence of and risk factors for sick sinus syndrome in the general population". J Am Coll Cardiol. 64 (6): 531–8. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.03.056. PMC 4139053. PMID 25104519.

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