Retinitis punctata albescens

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jyostna Chouturi, M.B.B.S [2]


Albescens punctate retinitis is a rare inherited eye disease spread in a pattern autosomal recessive . It is caused by a mutation affecting the gene usually RLBP1 protein encoding CRALBP . Manifested by impairment of the retina , the layer of the eye sensitive to light containing photoreceptor cells that are the cones and rods . Symptoms begin in childhood and include night blindness ( nyctalopia ) and the appearance of whitish deposits on the retina, visible through the ophthalmoscope . Later gradually decreases the visual acuity and extent of the visual field , resulting in areas of atrophy in the peripheral portion of the retina. Some scholars regard this disease as a variety of albipunctatus fundus . Currently there is no treatment available to cure the condition.