Protein sequences can provide data about the biological function and evolution of proteins and protein domains. Grouping and interrelating protein sequences can therefore provide information about both human biological processes, and the historical development of biological processes on earth.
Sequence clusters can reduce a large database of sequences to a smaller set of "sequence representatives", each of which should "represent" its cluster at the sequence level.
Sequence representatives allow the effective coverage of the original database with fewer sequences. The database of sequence representatives is called "non-redundant", as similar (or redundant) sequences have been removed at a certain similarity threshold.