Prebiotic (nutrition)

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Prebiotics are a category of functional food, defined as: Non-digestible food ingredients that beneficially affect the host by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of one or a limited number of bacteria in the colon, and thus improve host health.[1]

Most potential prebiotics are carbohydrates (such as oligosaccharides), but the definition does not exclude the use of non-carbohydrates as prebiotics.

The definition does not emphasize a specific bacterial group. Often, however, it is assumed that a prebiotic should increase the number and/or activity of bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria. The importance of the bifidobacteria and the lactic acid bacteria (LABs) is that these groups of bacteria are claimed to have several beneficial effects on the host, especially in terms of improving digestion and the effectiveness and intrinsic strength of the immune system. A product that stimulates (or claims to stimulate) bifidobacteria is considered a bifidogenic factor. Some prebiotics may thus also act as a bifidogenic factor and vice versa, but the two concepts are not identical.[2]

Typical dietary sources of prebiotics are soybeans, Jerusalem artichokes (which contain inulin), raw oats, unrefined wheat and unrefined barley. Some of the oligosaccharides that naturally occur in breast milk are believed to play an important role in the development of a healthy immune system in infants, but these are not considered prebiotics, as they do not act through the intestinal microflora.

Prebiotic oligosaccharides may be added to processed foods. Some oligosaccharides that are used in this manner are fructooligosaccharides (FOS), xylooligosaccharides (XOS), and galactooligosaccharides (GOS). In petfood also mannooligosaccharides are being used.

Examples of products that contain prebiotics are :

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References

  1. Gibson GR, Roberfroid MB. Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: introducing the concept of prebiotics. J Nutr. 1995 Jun;125(6):1401-12. PMID
  2. Food-Info.net Wageningen University

Cost Effectiveness of Prebiotic (nutrition)

| group5 = Clinical Trials Involving Prebiotic (nutrition) | list5 = Ongoing Trials on Prebiotic (nutrition) at Clinical Trials.govTrial results on Prebiotic (nutrition)Clinical Trials on Prebiotic (nutrition) at Google


| group6 = Guidelines / Policies / Government Resources (FDA/CDC) Regarding Prebiotic (nutrition) | list6 = US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Prebiotic (nutrition)NICE Guidance on Prebiotic (nutrition)NHS PRODIGY GuidanceFDA on Prebiotic (nutrition)CDC on Prebiotic (nutrition)


| group7 = Textbook Information on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list7 = Books and Textbook Information on Prebiotic (nutrition)


| group8 = Pharmacology Resources on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list8 = AND (Dose)}} Dosing of Prebiotic (nutrition)AND (drug interactions)}} Drug interactions with Prebiotic (nutrition)AND (side effects)}} Side effects of Prebiotic (nutrition)AND (Allergy)}} Allergic reactions to Prebiotic (nutrition)AND (overdose)}} Overdose information on Prebiotic (nutrition)AND (carcinogenicity)}} Carcinogenicity information on Prebiotic (nutrition)AND (pregnancy)}} Prebiotic (nutrition) in pregnancyAND (pharmacokinetics)}} Pharmacokinetics of Prebiotic (nutrition)


| group9 = Genetics, Pharmacogenomics, and Proteinomics of Prebiotic (nutrition) | list9 = AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Genetics of Prebiotic (nutrition)AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Pharmacogenomics of Prebiotic (nutrition)AND (proteomics)}} Proteomics of Prebiotic (nutrition)


| group10 = Newstories on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list10 = Prebiotic (nutrition) in the newsBe alerted to news on Prebiotic (nutrition)News trends on Prebiotic (nutrition)


| group11 = Commentary on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list11 = Blogs on Prebiotic (nutrition)

| group12 = Patient Resources on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list12 = Patient resources on Prebiotic (nutrition)Discussion groups on Prebiotic (nutrition)Patient Handouts on Prebiotic (nutrition)Directions to Hospitals Treating Prebiotic (nutrition)Risk calculators and risk factors for Prebiotic (nutrition)


| group13 = Healthcare Provider Resources on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list13 = Symptoms of Prebiotic (nutrition)Causes & Risk Factors for Prebiotic (nutrition)Diagnostic studies for Prebiotic (nutrition)Treatment of Prebiotic (nutrition)

| group14 = Continuing Medical Education (CME) Programs on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list14 = CME Programs on Prebiotic (nutrition)

| group15 = International Resources on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list15 = Prebiotic (nutrition) en EspanolPrebiotic (nutrition) en Francais

| group16 = Business Resources on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list16 = Prebiotic (nutrition) in the MarketplacePatents on Prebiotic (nutrition)

| group17 = Informatics Resources on Prebiotic (nutrition) | list17 = List of terms related to Prebiotic (nutrition)


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