Methylene-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase

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In enzymology, a methylene-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase (EC 2.1.1.16) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

S-adenosyl-L-methionine + phospholipid olefinic fatty acid S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + phospholipid methylene fatty acid

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are S-adenosyl methionine and phospholipid olefinic fatty acid, whereas its two products are S-adenosylhomocysteine and phospholipid methylene fatty acid.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those transferring one-carbon group methyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is S-adenosyl-L-methionine:unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase (methenylating). This enzyme is also called unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase.

References

  • IUBMB entry for 2.1.1.16
  • BRENDA references for 2.1.1.16 (Recommended.)
  • PubMed references for 2.1.1.16
  • PubMed Central references for 2.1.1.16
  • Google Scholar references for 2.1.1.16
  • Akamatsu Y, Law JH (1970). "Enzymatic alkylenation of phospholipid fatty acid chains by extracts of Mycobacterium phlei". J. Biol. Chem. 245: 701&ndash, 8. PMID 4313604.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 37256-90-9.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes


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