Inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle
|Inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle|
|Muscles of the pharynx and cheek. (Constrictor pharyngis inferior visible at bottom left.)|
|Muscles of the pharynx, viewed from behind, together with the associated vessels and nerves. (Inf. const. labeled at bottom center.)|
|Latin||musculus constrictor pharyngis inferior|
|Gray's||subject #244 1142|
|Origin:||cricoid and thyroid cartilage|
|Nerve:||external laryngeal branch of the vagus|
The Inferior pharyngeal constrictor, the thickest of the three constrictors, arises from the sides of the cricoid and thyroid cartilage. Similarly to the superior and middle pharyngeal constrictor muscles, it is innervated by the vagus nerve (cranial nerve X).
Origin and insertion
The components arising from the cricoid and thyroid cartilages are also known as cricopharyngeus and thyropharyngeus respectively. 
- From the cricoid cartilage it arises in the interval between the Cricothyreoideus in front, and the articular facet for the inferior cornu of the thyroid cartilage behind.
- On the thyroid cartilage it arises from the oblique line on the side of the lamina, from the surface behind this nearly as far as the posterior border and from the inferior cornu.
As soon as the bolus of food is received in the pharynx, the elevator muscles relax, the pharynx descends, and the constrictores contract upon the bolus, and convey it downward into the esophagus.
Role in human disease
Uncoordinated contraction, and/or spasm and/or impaired relaxation of this muscle are currently considered the main factors in development of a Zenker's diverticulum.
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.