Hydrocephalus physical examination

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Syed Ahsan Hussain, M.D.[2]

Overview

Physical examination shows progressive enlargement of head in infants. Depending upon the rate of development duration of hydrocephalus, signs of increased intracranial pressure may be seen, headache, fever, nausea, vomiting

Physical Examination

  • The physical examination of hydrocephalus is given below:[1][2][3]

Appearance of the Patient

  • The patient may complain of pain and may be in distress

Vital Signs

Pulse

  • The rate and rhythm is given below:
  • Rate
  • Rhythm
    • The pulse is regular.
  • Blood Pressure:
  • Respiratory Rate is given below:

Head

Infants

Older children

Eyes

Neurologic

References

  1. Binder DK, Lyon R, Manley GT (April 2004). "Transcranial motor evoked potential recording in a case of Kernohan's notch syndrome: case report". Neurosurgery. 54 (4): 999–1002, discussion 1002–3. PMID 15046669.
  2. Bulger EM, Nathens AB, Rivara FP, Moore M, MacKenzie EJ, Jurkovich GJ (August 2002). "Management of severe head injury: institutional variations in care and effect on outcome". Crit. Care Med. 30 (8): 1870–6. PMID 12163808.
  3. Mauritz W, Steltzer H, Bauer P, Dolanski-Aghamanoukjan L, Metnitz P (July 2008). "Monitoring of intracranial pressure in patients with severe traumatic brain injury: an Austrian prospective multicenter study". Intensive Care Med. 34 (7): 1208–15. doi:10.1007/s00134-008-1079-7. PMID 18365169.



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