GMP synthase (glutamine-hydrolysing)

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In enzymology, a GMP synthase (glutamine-hydrolysing) (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + xanthosine 5'-phosphate + L-glutamine + H2O AMP + diphosphate + GMP + L-glutamate

The 4 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, xanthosine 5'-phosphate, L-glutamine, and H2O, whereas its 4 products are AMP, diphosphate, GMP, and L-glutamate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, specifically those forming carbon-nitrogen bonds carbon-nitrogen ligases with glutamine as amido-N-donor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is xanthosine-5'-phosphate:L-glutamine amido-ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include GMP synthetase (glutamine-hydrolysing), guanylate synthetase (glutamine-hydrolyzing), guanosine monophosphate synthetase (glutamine-hydrolyzing), xanthosine 5'-phosphate amidotransferase, and guanosine 5'-monophosphate synthetase. This enzyme participates in purine metabolism and glutamate metabolism. At least one compound, Psicofuranin is known to inhibit this enzyme.

Structural studies

As of late 2007, 5 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1GPM, 1WL8, 2A9V, 2D7J, and 2DPL.


  • IUBMB entry for
  • BRENDA references for (Recommended.)
  • PubMed references for
  • PubMed Central references for
  • Google Scholar references for
  • Abrams R and Bentley M (1959). "Biosynthesis of nucleic acid purines. III. Guanosine 5'-phosphate formation from xanthosine 5'-phosphate and L-glutamine". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 79: 91&ndash, 110.
  • LAGERKVIST U (1958). "Biosynthesis of guanosine 5'-phosphate. II. Amination of xanthosine 5'-phosphate by purified enzyme from pigeon liver". J. Biol. Chem. 233: 143&ndash, 9. PMID 13563458.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 37318-71-1.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes