Extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle

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Extensor carpi radialis brevis
Posterior surface of the left forearm. Superficial muscles. The partially obscured extensor carpi radialis brevis is shown in blue.
Latin musculus extensor carpi radialis brevis
Gray's subject #125 452
Origin: humerus at the anterior of lateral epicondyle (common extensor tendon)
Insertion: base of the 3rd metacarpal
Artery: radial artery
Nerve: deep branch of the radial nerve
Action: extensor and abductor of the hand at the wrist joint
Antagonist: Flexor carpi radialis muscle
Dorlands/Elsevier m_22/12548854

The Extensor carpi radialis brevis is shorter and thicker than the longus, beneath which it is placed.

Origin and insertion

It arises from the lateral epicondyle of the humerus, by a tendon common to it and the three following muscles; from the radial collateral ligament of the elbow-joint; from a strong aponeurosis which covers its surface; and from the intermuscular septa between it and the adjacent muscles.

The fibers end about the middle of the forearm in a flat tendon, which is closely connected with that of the preceding muscle, and accompanies it to the wrist; it passes beneath the Abductor pollicis longus and Extensor pollicis brevis, then beneath the dorsal carpal ligament, and is inserted into the dorsal surface of the base of the third metacarpal bone on its radial side.

Relations

Under the dorsal carpal ligament the tendon lies on the back of the radius in a shallow groove called Lister's tubercle, to the ulnar side of that which lodges the tendon of the Extensor carpi radialis, longus, and separated from it by a faint ridge.

Innervation

Like all the muscles in the posterior forearm, ECR brevis is supplied by a branch of the radial nerve.

Action

It is an extensor, and an abductor of the hand at the wrist joint. That is, it serves to manipulate the wrist so that the hand moves away from the palm and towards the thumb. The muscle, like all extensors of the forearm, can be strengthened by exercise that resist its extension. A wrist roller can be used and reverse wrist curls with dumbbells can performed.

Additional images

External links

de:Musculus extensor carpi radialis brevisid:Otot extensor carpi radialis brevis

hu:Rövid orsócsonti csuklófeszítő izomsv:Extensor carpi radialis brevis


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