Enterobiasis natural history

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Furqan M M. M.B.B.S[2]

Overview

If left untreated, patients with enterobiasis may progress to develop secondary skin infections. Common complications of enterobiasis include bacterial dermatitis, folliculitis, vulvovaginitis, and recurrent cystitis. Prognosis is generally excellent.

Natural History

The symptoms of enterobiasis usually develop in the early childhood and start with symptoms such as perianal pruritus, insomnia, restlessness, and tiredness. The symptoms of enterobiasis typically develop five weeks after exposure to infected eggs. Without treatment, the patient will develop symptoms of perianal itching, which may eventually lead to secondary skin infections.

Complications

Complications that can develop as a result of enterobiasis are:[1][2]

  1. Localized:
  2. Systemic:

Prognosis

Enterobiasis generally has a very good prognosis.

References

  1. Cook GC (1994). "Enterobius vermicularis infection". Gut. 35 (9): 1159–62. PMC 1375686. PMID 7959218.
  2. Caldwell JP (1982). "Pinworms (enterobius vermicularis)". Can Fam Physician. 28: 306–9. PMC 2306321. PMID 21286054.

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