Deep cervical artery

Jump to: navigation, search
Artery: Deep cervical artery
The internal carotid and vertebral arteries. Right side. (Profunda cervicalis labeled at bottom left, above cost-cervical.)
Latin arteria cervicalis profunda
Gray's subject #148 586
Source costocervical trunk   
Vein deep cervical vein
/ Elsevier

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

The deep cervical artery (Profunda cervicalis) arises, in most cases, from the costocervical trunk, and is analogous to the posterior branch of an aortic intercostal artery: occasionally it is a separate branch from the subclavian artery.

Passing backward, above the eighth cervical nerve and between the transverse process of the seventh cervical vertebra and the neck of the first rib, it runs up the back of the neck, between the Semispinalis capitis and Semispinalis colli, as high as the axis vertebra, supplying these and adjacent muscles, and anastomosing with the deep division of the descending branch of the occipital, and with branches of the vertebral.

It gives off a spinal twig which enters the canal through the intervertebral foramen between the seventh cervical and first thoracic vertebrae.

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.