Cranial neuralgias and central causes of facial pain

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Trigeminal neuralgia

  1. Classical trigeminal neuralgia
  2. Symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia

Glossopharyngeal neuralgia

  1. Classical glossopharyngeal neuralgia
  2. Symptomatic glossopharyngeal neuralgia

Nervus intermedius neuralgia

Superior laryngeal neuralgia

Nasociliary neuralgia

Supraorbital neuralgia

Other terminal branch neuralgias

Occipital neuralgia

Neck-tongue syndrome

External compression headache

Cold-stimulus headache

  1. Headache attributed to external application of a cold stimulus
  2. Headache attributed to ingestion or inhalation of a cold stimulus

Constant pain caused by compression, irritation or distortion of cranial nerves or upper cervical roots by structural lesions

Optic neuritis

Ocular diabetic neuropathy

Head or facial pain attributed to herpes zoster

  1. Head or facial pain attributed to acute herpes zoster
  2. Post-herpetic neuralgia

Tolosa-Hunt syndrome

Ophthalmoplegic “migraine”

Central causes of facial pain

  1. Anaesthesia dolorosa
  2. Central post-stroke pain
  3. Facial pain attributed to multiple sclerosis
  4. Persistent idiopathic facial pain
  5. Burning mouth syndrome

Other cranial neuralgia or other centrally mediated facial pain