|Brain: Choroid plexus|
| Scheme of roof of fourth ventricle. The arrow is in the foramen of Magendie.|
1: inferior medullary velum
2: Choroid plexus
3: Cerebellomedullary cistern of subarachnoid cavity
4: Central canal
5: Corpora quadrigemina
6: Cerebral peduncle
7: Superior medullary velum
8: Ependymal lining of ventricle
9: Pontine cistern of subarachnoid cavity
|Coronal section of lateral and third ventricles.|
|Gray's||subject #187 798|
It is found in the superior part of the inferior horn of the lateral ventricles. It follows up along this boundary, continuous with the inferior of the body of the lateral ventricles. It passes into the interventricular foramen, and is present at the top of the third ventricle.
Structure of the choroid plexus
The choroid plexus consists of many capillaries, separated from the subarachnoid space by pia mater and choroid ependymal cells. Liquid filters through these cells from blood to become cerebrospinal fluid. There is also much active transport of substances into, and out of, the CSF as it is made.
During embryological development, some fetuses may form choroid plexus cysts. These fluid-filled cysts are likely harmless, however if found during an ultrasound, they may be an indicator of chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus, especially trisomy 21 (Down's syndrome), and further testing may be indicated.