Amyloidosis natural history, complications and prognosis

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Amyloidosis Microchapters

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Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Primary amyloidosis
Secondary amyloidosis
Familial amyloidosis
Wild-type (senile) amyloidosis
Cardiac amyloidosis
Beta-2 microglobulin related amyloidosis
Gelsolin related amyloidosis
Lysozyme amyloid related amyloidosis
Leucocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 related amyloidosis
Fibrinogen A alpha-chain associated amyloidosis

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Amyloidosis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic Study of Choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

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Echocardiography and Ultrasound

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MRI

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Treatment

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Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

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Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Shaghayegh Habibi, M.D.[2]

Overview

In amyloidosis, insoluble fibrils of amyloid are deposited in organs, causing organ dysfunction and eventually death. Patients with amyloidosis may eventually suffer from heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, hepatomegaly and peripheral neuropathy. In primary amyloidosis, the survival rate depends upon the type of organ involvement and the hematological response to treatment. In AL amyloidosis, untreated individuals have the worst prognosis. In this group of patients, the median survival is one to two years.

Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis

Natural History

Complications

In patients with amyloidosis, the most frequent complications include:[3]

Prognosis

References

  1. Baker KR, Rice L (2012). "The amyloidoses: clinical features, diagnosis and treatment". Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J. 8 (3): 3–7. PMC 3487569. PMID 23227278.
  2. Khan MF, Falk RH (November 2001). "Amyloidosis". Postgrad Med J. 77 (913): 686–93. PMC 1742163. PMID 11677276.
  3. Jerzykowska S, Cymerys M, Gil LA, Balcerzak A, Pupek-Musialik D, Komarnicki MA (2014). "Primary systemic amyloidosis as a real diagnostic challenge - case study". Cent Eur J Immunol. 39 (1): 61–6. doi:10.5114/ceji.2014.42126. PMC 4439975. PMID 26155101.
  4. Desport E, Bridoux F, Sirac C, Delbes S, Bender S, Fernandez B, Quellard N, Lacombe C, Goujon JM, Lavergne D, Abraham J, Touchard G, Fermand JP, Jaccard A (August 2012). "Al amyloidosis". Orphanet J Rare Dis. 7: 54. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-7-54. PMC 3495844. PMID 22909024.
  5. Merlini G, Seldin DC, Gertz MA (May 2011). "Amyloidosis: pathogenesis and new therapeutic options". J. Clin. Oncol. 29 (14): 1924–33. doi:10.1200/JCO.2010.32.2271. PMC 3138545. PMID 21483018.




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