List of plants used as medicine

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Species Common name Scientifically-verified pharmaceutical properties Falsified pharmaceutical properties Unconfirmed pharmaceutical properties
Achillea millefolium Yarrow
Allium sativum Garlic Antibiotic[1][2][3][4][5] Cardiovascular health[6]
Anethum graveolens Dill and Dill oil
Aquilaria agollocha Eaglewood
Artemisia annua L. Sweet sagewort
Artemisia absinthium L Wormwood
Aristolochia rotunda Smearwort
Arum Maculatum Lords and Ladies
Astragalus membranaceus Astragalus
Crataegus spp. Hawthorn
Digitalis lanata Balkan Foxglove Antiarrhythmic agent and inotrope[7][8]
Echinacea purpurea Purple coneflower, and other species of Echinacea May help reduce the severity and duration, of symptoms associated with cold and flu.[9]
Glycyrrhiza glabra Liquorice
Hydrastis canadensis Goldenseal
Hypericum perforatum St. John's Wort Possible antidepressant (efficacy is shown when compared to placebo)[10]
Marrubium vulgare Horehound expectorant,
Matricaria recutita
(Chamomilla recutita)
Nepeta cataria Catnip
Passiflora spp. Passion-flower
Phyolacca spp. Pokeweed Topical: acne Internal: tonsilitis
Plantago spp. Plantain and Psyllium astringent
Salvia Stenophylla Blue Mountain Sage
Symphytum officinale Comfrey
Tanacetum parthenium
(Chrysanthemum parthenium)
Taraxacum officinale Dandelion digestive,
Tilia spp. Lime Blossom
Urtica dioica Urtica dioica
Valeriana officinalis Valerian

See also


  1. Nicole Johnston (April 2002). "Garlic: A Natural Antibiotic". Modern Drug Discovery. 5 (4). Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. A. Prakash and J. Rao (1997). Botanical pesticides in agriculture. CRC Press. USA. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. Cai Y, Wang R, Pei F, Liang BB (2007). "Antibacterial activity of allicin alone and in combination with beta-lactams against Staphylococcus spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". J. Antibiot. 60 (5): 335–8. PMID 17551215.
  4. Eja ME, Asikong BE, Abriba C, Arikpo GE, Anwan EE, Enyi-Idoh KH (2007). "A comparative assessment of the antimicrobial effects of garlic (Allium sativum) and antibiotics on diarrheagenic organisms". Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health. 38 (2): 343–8. PMID 17539285.
  5. Tessema B, Mulu A, Kassu A, Yismaw G (2006). "An in vitro assessment of the antibacterial effect of garlic (Allium sativum) on bacterial isolates from wound infections". Ethiop. Med. J. 44 (4): 385–9. PMID 17370439.
  6. The proposed cardiovascular benefits of garlic have been the subject of significant clinical research, with sometimes conflicting results. At present, any clinical benefit in terms of cardiovascular health remains unconfirmed. See:
    • Rahman K, Lowe GM (2006). "Garlic and cardiovascular disease: a critical review". J. Nutr. 136 (3 Suppl): 736S–740S. PMID 16484553.
    • Gardner CD, Lawson LD, Block E; et al. (2007). "Effect of raw garlic vs commercial garlic supplements on plasma lipid concentrations in adults with moderate hypercholesterolemia: a randomized clinical trial". Arch. Intern. Med. 167 (4): 346–53. doi:10.1001/archinte.167.4.346. PMID 17325296.
  7. Lip, GYH, Watson, RDS, & Singh, SP (1995). "ABC of Atrial Fibrillation: DRUGS FOR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION". British Medical Journal. 311: 1631–1634.
  8. Note: Digitalis use in the United States is controlled by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and can only be prescribed by a physician. Misuse can cause death
  9. Roxas M, Jurenka J (2007). "Colds and influenza: a review of diagnosis and conventional, botanical, and nutritional considerations". Alternative medicine review : a journal of clinical therapeutic. 12 (1): 25–48. PMID 17397266.
  10. Gaster, B & Holroyd, J (2000). "St John's wort for depression: a systematic review". Archives of Internal Medicine. 160 (2): 152–6. PMID 10647752.

External links for medicinal herbs

ca:Llista de plantes medicinals de:Liste der Heilpflanzen lt:Vaistiniai augalai lb:Lëscht vun den Heelplanzen