Wikipedia:Template messages/Sources of articles/Citation quick reference

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Note that the use of these templates is not required.

See full list of citation templates at Wikipedia:Citation templates.

Citing a book

{{cite book}}

Full version Most common fields
{{cite book
 | last = 
 | first = 
 | authorlink = 
 | coauthors = 
 | editor = 
 | others = 
 | title = '''REQUIRED'''
 | origdate = 
 | origyear = 
 | origmonth = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | accessdate = 
 | accessyear = 
 | accessmonth = 
 | edition = 
 | date = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | language = 
 | id = 
 | pages = 
 | chapter = 
 | chapterurl = 
 | quote =
}}
{{cite book
 | last = 
 | first = 
 | authorlink = 
 | coauthors = 
 | year = 
 | title = '''REQUIRED'''
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | id = 
}}

Citing a journal

{{cite journal}}

Full version Most common fields
{{cite journal
 | first = 
 | last = 
 | authorlink = 
 | coauthors = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | date =
 | title = '''REQUIRED'''
 | quotes =
 | journal = 
 | volume = 
 | issue = 
 | pages = 
 | doi =
 | id = 
 | url = 
 | format =
 | accessdate =
 }}
{{cite journal
 | author = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | title = '''REQUIRED'''
 | journal = 
 | volume = 
 | issue = 
 | pages = 
 | id = 
 | url = 
 }}

Citing a news article

{{cite news}}

{{cite news 
 | first = 
 | last = 
 | authorlink =
 | author = 
 | coauthors =
 | title = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | work = 
 | publisher = 
 | pages = 
 | page = 
 | date = 
 | accessdate = 
 | language = 
 | quote = 
}}
  • title is required, rest is optional. Note that title must be on one line in order for the hyperlink to display properly.
  • author: Author
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • coauthors: allows additional authors
  • url: Link to the news item if available online
    • format: Format, i.e. PDF. Don't specify for HTML (implied as default).
      Specify as 'fee required' if free access no longer available.
      Specify as 'Reprint' if a full original version but not hosted by the original publisher.
  • work: If this item is part of a larger work (such as a newspaper), name of that work.
  • publisher: Publisher, if any.
  • date: date of publication. ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format recommended. If the whole date is known it should be wikilinked to enable date user preferences.
  • pages overrides page
  • accessdate: Date when item was accessed. Use ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format. Do not wikilink the date.
  • language: the language in which the source is written.
  • quote: Relevant quote.

Note: {{news reference}} is now deprecated; please use {{cite news}} instead for new references, and gradually migrate existing references.

Citing the web

{{cite web}}

{{cite web
| url = 
| title = 
| accessdate =   | accessmonthday =  | accessyear = 
| author =       | last =  | first = 
| authorlink = 
| coauthors = 
| date =         | year =  | month = 
| work =         | publisher = 
| pages =  | format =  | language =  | quote = 
| archiveurl =  | archivedate = 
}}

This template is specifically for web sites which are not news sources. See also citation templates for more on templates for citing open-source web content in Wikipedia articles. Here are some convenient examples.

Common form for cases where little is known about authorship of the page (with current date)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2020-04-09 |format= |work= }}

Using author (with current date)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2020-04-09 |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher= |pages= |language= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= }}

Using last, first (with current date)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2020-04-09 |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher= |pages= |language= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= }}

The most common parameters are as follows. See also the complete documentation in Template:Cite web.

  • url (required): URL of online item.
  • title (required): Title of online item.
  • one of accessdate in YYYY-MM-DD format with no wikilink (e.g. "accessdate = 2006-02-17"), or accessmonthday and accessyear, for example "accessmonthday = May 10 |accessyear = 2005". (One or the other required.)
  • either author, or last and first to produce last, first. Don't wikilink these; instead use authorlink to link to the appropriate wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs. Add optional coauthors to record additional authors. (optional)
  • date: Full date of publication, YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. May be wikilinked. Or, use year, and optionally month. If you also have the day, use date instead. (optional)
  • archiveurl: URL of the archive location of the item, and archivedate: Date when the item was archived, in YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked; the template will link it automatically. (optional, but must use both together or neither)

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