Tetracyclic antidepressant

Jump to: navigation, search

There are also several chemically unrelated tetracyclic antibiotics based on Tetracycline.

The structure of the tetracyclic antidepressant mirtazapine

A tetracyclic antidepressant is an antidepressant drug from the tetracyclic drug group.

The name tetracyclic is derived from the drug's molecular structure which consists of four ring-like structures in a T-shape (compare tricyclic antidepressant).

Maprotiline, trade named Ludiomil®, and Mirtazapine, trade named Remeron® in the USA, Zispin® in Europe and Avanza® in Australia, are the only two drugs from this group widely used for the treatment of clinical depression. The tetracyclic antidepressant Mianserin was previously available internationally, however in most markets it has been phased out in favor of Mirtazapine.

Research on other tetracyclic antidepressant compounds (for example setiptiline) have been reported in the scientific literature. These other tetracyclic antidepressants are not publicly available.

List of tetracyclic antidepressants

According to MeSH the tetracyclic antidepressants have the following effects:

Adrenergic uptake inhibitor Adrenergic alpha-antagonist Dopamine antagonist Serotonin uptake inhibitor Serotonin antagonist Histamine H1 antagonist
Amoxapine yes - yes yes - -
Maprotiline yes - - - - -
Mianserin - yes - - yes yes
Mirtazapine - yes - - - yes
Trazodone - - - yes - -

External links

de:Tetrazyklisches Antidepressivum