Second degree AV block risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ahmed Elsaiey, MBBCH [2]

Overview

Common risk factors associated with second degree AV block include Intrinsic atrioventricular node disease, Myocarditis , Acute myocardial infarction, Prior cardiac surgery, Older age,Heart attack or coronary artery disease, Cardiomyopathy, Sarcoidosis, Lyme disease, High potassium levels, Severe hypothyroidism, Certain inherited neuromuscular diseases, Medicines that slow the heart rate , After open heart surgery.

Risk factors

  • Common risk factors associated with second degree AV block include the following:[1][2][3][4]
    • Intrinsic atrioventricular node disease
    • Myocarditis
    • Acute myocardial infarction
    • Prior cardiac surgery
    • Older age
    • Heart attack or coronary artery disease
    • Cardiomyopathy
    • Sarcoidosis
    • Lyme disease
    • High potassium levels
    • Severe hypothyroidism
    • Certain inherited neuromuscular diseases
    • Medicines that slow the heart rate
    • After open heart surgery


References

  1. Meimoun P, Zeghdi R, D'Attelis N, Berrebi A, Braunberger E, Deloche A; et al. (2002). "Frequency, predictors, and consequences of atrioventricular block after mitral valve repair". Am J Cardiol. 89 (9): 1062–6. doi:10.1016/s0002-9149(02)02276-2. PMID 11988196.
  2. Meimoun P, Zeghdi R, D'Attelis N, Berrebi A, Braunberger E, Deloche A; et al. (2002). "Frequency, predictors, and consequences of atrioventricular block after mitral valve repair". Am J Cardiol. 89 (9): 1062–6. doi:10.1016/s0002-9149(02)02276-2. PMID 11988196.
  3. Kerola T, Eranti A, Aro AL, Haukilahti MA, Holkeri A, Junttila MJ, Kenttä TV, Rissanen H, Vittinghoff E, Knekt P, Heliövaara M, Huikuri HV, Marcus GM (May 2019). "Risk Factors Associated With Atrioventricular Block". JAMA Netw Open. 2 (5): e194176. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.4176. PMC 6632153 Check |pmc= value (help). PMID 31125096.
  4. Schoeller R, Andresen D, Büttner P, Oezcelik K, Vey G, Schröder R (March 1993). "First- or second-degree atrioventricular block as a risk factor in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy". Am. J. Cardiol. 71 (8): 720–6. doi:10.1016/0002-9149(93)91017-c. PMID 8447272.

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