Difference between revisions of "Paresthesia"

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{{
 
DiseaseDisorder infobox |
 
  Name        = Paresthesia |
 
  ICDer10      = {{ICD10|R|20|2|r|20}} |
 
  ICD9        = {{ICD9|782.0}}, {{ICD9|355.1}} |
 
}}
 
 
{{Paraesthesia}}
 
{{Paraesthesia}}
 
{{CMG}}
 
{{CMG}}
  
 
{{SK}} Paraesthesia
 
{{SK}} Paraesthesia
==Pathophysiology==
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== [[Paraesthesia overview|Overview]] ==
Chronic paresthesia indicates a problem with the functioning of [[neuron]]s. This malfunction, which is especially common in older individuals, is often the result of poor [[Circulation (physiology)|circulation]] in the limbs (such as in peripheral vascular disease), which may be caused by [[atherosclerosis]] — the build up of [[plaque]] on [[artery]] walls. Without a proper supply of [[blood]] and [[nutrients]], nerve cells can no longer adequately send signals to the [[brain]]. Because of this, paresthesia can also be a symptom of [[vitamin]] deficiency and [[malnutrition]], as well as [[metabolism|metabolic]] disorders like [[Diabetes mellitus|diabetes]], [[hypothyroidism]], and [[hypoparathyroidism]].
 
  
Irritation to the nerve can also come frhe surroom [[inflammation]] to tunding tissue. Joint conditions such as [[rheumatoid arthritis]] and [[carpal tunnel syndrome]] are common sources of paresthesia.
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== [[Paraesthesia historical perspective|Historical Perspective]]==
  
Another cause of paresthesia, however, may be direct damage to the nerves themselves, or [[neuropathy]], which can stem from [[injury]] or [[infection]] such as [[Lyme disease]], or which may be indicative of a current [[neurological disorder]]. Chronic paresthesia can sometimes be symptomatic of serious conditions, such as a [[transient ischemic attack]], a [[brain tumor]], [[motor neurone disease]], or [[autoimmune disorder]]s like [[multiple sclerosis]] or [[lupus erythematosus]]. A diagnostic evaluation by a [[medical doctor|doctor]] is necessary to rule these out.
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== [[Paraesthesia pathophysiology|Pathophysiology]] ==
  
Paresthesiae of the [[mouth]], hands, and feet are common, transient symptoms of the related conditions of [[hyperventilation syndrome]] and [[panic attack]]s.
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== [[Paraesthesia causes|Causes]] ==
  
== Diagnosis ==  
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== [[Paraesthesia risk factors|Risk Factors]] ==
  
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== [[Paraesthesia natural history, complications and prognosis|Natural History, Complications and Prognosis]] ==
  
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== Diagnosis ==
  
==== Chest X Ray ====
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[[Paraesthesia history and symptoms|History and Symptoms]] | [[Paraesthesia physical examination|Physical Examination]] | [[Paraesthesia laboratory findings|Laboratory Findings]] | [[Paraesthesia chest x ray|Chest X Ray]] |[[Paraesthesia CT|CT]] | [[Paraesthesia MRI|MRI]] | [[Paraesthesia other imaging findings|Other Imaging Findings]] | [[Paraesthesia other diagnostic studies|Other Diagnostic Studies]]
  
==References==
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== Treatment ==
{{Reflist|2}}
 
  
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[[Paraesthesia medical therapy|Medical Therapy]] | [[Paraesthesia surgery|Surgery]] | [[Paraesthesia primary prevention|Primary Prevention]]
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==Case Studies==
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:[[Paraesthesia case study one|Case #1]]
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
* {{NINDS|paresthesia}}
 
* {{NINDS|paresthesia}}
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[[Category:Symptoms]]
 
[[Category:Symptoms]]
 
[[Category:Signs and symptoms]]
 
[[Category:Signs and symptoms]]
 
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[[Category:Primary care]]
[[de:Parästhesie]]
 
[[es:Parestesia]]
 
[[fr:Paresthésie]]
 
[[it:Parestesia]]
 
[[ja:痺れ]]
 
[[pl:Parestezja]]
 
[[pt:Parestesia]]
 
[[ru:Парестезия]]
 
[[sv:Parestesi]]
 
  
 
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{{WikiDoc Sources}}
 
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Latest revision as of 18:47, 7 February 2013


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