Obesity causes

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Obesity Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Obesity from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings


Chest X Ray



Echocardiography or Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Lifestyle Intervention and Counseling (Comprehensive Lifestyle Intervention)

Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

USPSTF Recommendations and Guidelines on Management of Obesity

2017 Guidelines for Screening of Obesity in Children and Adolescents

2012 Guidelines for Screening of Obesity in Adults

AHA/ACC/TOS Guidelines on Management of Overweight and Obesity

2013 AHA/ACC/TOS Guidelines on Management of Overweight and Obesity

Obesity causes On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Obesity causes

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Obesity causes

CDC on Obesity causes

Obesity causes in the news

Blogs on Obesity causes

Directions to Hospitals Treating Obesity

Risk calculators and risk factors for Obesity causes

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Cardiomyopathy -- hypogonadism -- metabolic anomalies, Subaortic stenosis -- short stature syndrome, Hypogonadism -- mitral valve prolapse -- mental retardation, Obesity -- colitis -- hypothyroidism -- cardiac hypertrophy -- developmental delay complex
Chemical / poisoning No underlying causes
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect Amitriptyline, Cortisol, Imipramine, Citalopram, Chlorpromazine, Estrogen, Insulin, Gabapentin, Glitazones, Hormone replacement therapy , Lithium, Mirtazapine, Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), Olanzapine, Prednisolone, Prednisone, Paroxetine, Pizotifen, Propanolol, Sotalol, Sodium valproate, Sertraline, Sulphonylurea, Vigabatrin
Ear Nose Throat Ayazi syndrome, Metaphyseal dysostosis - mental retardation - conductive deafness complex
Endocrine Achard-Thiers Syndrome, Familial Adrenal adenoma, Adrenal incidentaloma, Aromatase deficiency, Borjeson Syndrome , Borjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome , Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Cushing syndrome, Cushing's disease, Cardiomyopathy -- hypogonadism -- metabolic anomalies, Cortisone reductase deficiency, Diabetes, Functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor, HAIR-AN Syndrome, Hyperadrenalism, Hyperandrogenism, Hyperinsulinism, Hyperpituitarism, Hypogonadism -- mitral valve prolapse -- mental retardation complex, Hypogonadotropic -- hypogonadism -- syndactyly complex, Hydrocephalus-obesity-hypogonadism, Hypopituitaryism, Hypothyroidism, Insulinoma, Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, Mauriac syndrome, Myxedema, Obesity -- colitis -- hypothyroidism -- cardiac hypertrophy -- developmental delay complex, Pseudohypoparathyroidism, Retinohepatoendocrinologic syndrome, Renal tubulopathy -- diabetes mellitus -- cerebellar ataxia complex, Schroeder syndrome 1, Sohval-Soffer syndrome
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic Bearn-Kunkel syndrome, Obesity -- colitis -- hypothyroidism -- cardiac hypertrophy -- developmental delay complex, Retinohepatoendocrinologic syndrome
Genetic Alstrom's Syndrome, Atkin-Flatiz syndrome, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Biemond syndrome type 2, Carpenter syndrome, Chondrodysplasia, Grebe type, Chromosome 12p tetrasomy syndrome, Chromosome 1p deletion syndrome, Chromosome 21q deletion syndrome, Chromosome 3, trisomy 3q13 2 q25, Chromosome 4, trisomy 4p, Chromosome 5, trisomy 5q, Chromosome 5q duplication syndrome, Chromosome 9, partial trisomy 9p, Clark-Baraitser syndrome, Cohen syndrome, Congenital Leptin deficiency, Cortisone reductase deficiency, Duplication 5q, Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency, Inherited predisposition, Klinefelter syndrome , Laron dwarfism, Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, McCune-Albright Syndrome, Mental retardation X-linked short stature obesity, Mental retardation X-linked syndromic 7, Mental retardation, X linked -- precocious puberty -- obesity, Mental retardation, X-linked -- gynecomastia -- obesity complex, Mental retardation, X-linked -- hypogonadism -- ichthyosis -- obesity -- short stature complex, Mental retardation, X-linked, syndromic 11, MOMO syndrome, Partial deletion chromosome 11p, Partial duplication 9p , Prolidase deficiency, Schinzel Syndrome, Stewart-Morel-Morgagni Syndrome, Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome, Summitt syndrome, Syndrome X, Urban rogers meyer syndrome, Vasquez Hurst Sotos syndrome, WAGR Syndrome, Williams Syndrome , Wilson-Turner X-linked mental retardation, X-linked mental retardation craniofacial abnormal microcepahly club, X-linked mental retardation-hypotonic facies syndrome, Young-Hughes syndrome
Hematologic Bearn-Kunkel syndrome
Iatrogenic No underlying causes
Infectious Disease No underlying causes
Musculoskeletal / Ortho Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy, Anophthalmia -- short stature -- obesity, Acrocephalopolysyndactyly - type 2 (ACPS 2), Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Biemond syndrome type 2, Cartilage Hair Hypoplasia, Carpenter syndrome, Chondrodysplasia, Grebe type, Clark-Baraitser syndrome, Cohen syndrome, Emerinopathy, Hyperostosis frontalis interna, Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, McCune-Albright Syndrome, McKusick type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, Metaphyseal dysostosis - mental retardation - conductive deafness complex, Overgrowth syndrome, type Fryer, Stewart-Morel-Morgagni Syndrome, Sohval-Soffer syndrome, Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome
Neurologic Acrocephalopolysyndactyly - type 2 (ACPS 2), Bobble-head doll syndrome, Borjeson Syndrome , Borjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome , Chromophobe adenoma, Craniopharyngioma, Empty sella syndrome, Frohlich syndrome, Grahmann's syndrome, Growth Hormone Receptor Deficiency, Hyperpituitarism, Hydrocephalus-obesity-hypogonadism, Hypothalamic Dysfunction, Hypothalamus tumor, Increased intracranial pressure, Kleine-Levin-Critchley syndrome, Nguyen syndrome, Metaphyseal dysostosis - mental retardation - conductive deafness complex, Pituitary gland cancer, Polyneuropathy -- mental retardation -- acromicria -- premature menopause, Renal tubulopathy -- diabetes mellitus -- cerebellar ataxia complex, Third ventricle tumor
Nutritional / Metabolic Abdominal obesity metabolic syndrome, Binge eating disorder, Cardiomyopathy -- hypogonadism -- metabolic anomalies, Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency, Metabolic Syndrome, Nguyen syndrome
Obstetric/Gynecologic OHSS, Polycystic ovary syndrome
Oncologic Craniopharyngioma, Functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor, Pituitary gland cancer, Third ventricle tumor, WAGR Syndrome
Opthalmologic Aniridia - ptosis - mental retardation - obesity familial type complex, Anophthalmia -- short stature -- obesity, Ayazi syndrome, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Choroideremia, Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, Retinohepatoendocrinologic syndrome, WAGR Syndrome
Overdose / Toxicity No underlying causes
Psychiatric Atkin-Flatiz syndrome, Borjeson Syndrome , Borjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome , Biemond syndrome type 2, Clark-Baraitser syndrome, Cohen syndrome
Pulmonary No underlying causes
Renal / Electrolyte Renal tubulopathy -- diabetes mellitus -- cerebellar ataxia complex, WAGR Syndrome
Rheum / Immune / Allergy Bearn-Kunkel syndrome
Sexual No underlying causes
Trauma No underlying causes
Urologic No underlying causes
Dental No underlying causes
Miscellaneous Adiposogenital dystrophy, Albright like syndrome, Alcohol-induced pseudo-Cushing syndrome, Ampola syndrome, Familial obesity, Hypertrichosis-brachydactyly-obesity and mental retardation complex, Launois-Bensaude Syndrome, Leschke-Ullmann syndrome, Madelung's Disease, Menopause, Mental retardation -- blepharophimosis -- obesity -- web neck complex, Mental retardation -- epilepsy -- bulbous nose complex, Mental retardation -- epileptic seizures -- hypogonadism -- hypogenitalism -microcephaly -- obesity complex, Mental retardation -- gynecomastia -- obesity - X-linked , Mental retardation -- nasal hypoplasia -- obesity -- genital hypoplasia complex, Mental retardation - unusual facies ampola type , Multiple lipomas, Overeating , Physical inactivity, Polyphagia, Prader-Willi syndrome, Pubertal obesity, Sengers-Hamel-Otten syndrome, Weight cycling

Causes by Alphabetical Order