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Microaerophilic organisms are a specific type of organism that requires oxygen to survive, but requires environments containing lower levels of oxygen than are present in the atmosphere (~20% concentration).

Examples include Borrelia burgdorferi, a species of spirochaete bacteria that causes Lyme disease in humans, and Helicobacter pylori, a species of proteobacteria that has been linked to peptic ulcers and some types of gastritis.

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ca:Microaerofília de:Mikroaerophil id:Mikroaerofil nl:Micro-aerofiel