Thiocyanogen

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Thiocyanogen
Identifiers
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Properties
C2N2S2
Molar mass 116.16 g mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Thiocyanogen, (SCN)2, is a pseudohalogen derived from the pseudohalide thiocyanate, [SCN]. This hexatomic compound exhibits C2 point group symmetry and has the connectivity NCS-SCN[1]. It is attacked by water and apparently has only been obtained as a solution.

Thiocyanogen was originally prepared by the reaction of iodine with a suspension of silver thiocyanate in diethyl ether,[2] but this reaction suffers from competing equilibria attributed to the weak oxidizing power of iodine. An improved method for generating thiocyanogen entails oxidation of plumbous thiocyanate, which precipitates when aqueous solutions of lead(II) nitrate and sodium thiocyanate are combined. A suspension of anhydrous Pb(SCN)2 is treated with bromine in glacial acetic acid to afford a 0.1M solution of thiocyanogen that is stable for days.[3]

Pb(SCN)2 + Br2 → (SCN)2 + PbBr2

Thiocyanogen adds to alkenes to give 1,2-bis(thiocyanato) compounds.

References

  1. Jensen, James (2005). "Vibrational frequencies and structural determination of thiocyanogen". Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM. 714 (2–3): 137–141. doi:10.1016/j.theochem.2004.09.046.
  2. Söderbäck, Erik (1919). "Studien über das freie Rhodan". Justus Liebig's Annalen der Chemie. 419: 217–322. doi:10.1002/jlac.19194190302.
  3. Gardner, William Howlett (1939). "Thiocyanogen Solution". Inorganic Syntheses. 1: 84–86. doi:10.1002/9780470132326.ch29. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)

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