TFAP2B

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Location (UCSC)n/an/a
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Transcription factor AP-2 beta also known as AP2-beta is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TFAP2B gene.[1][2]

Function

AP-2 beta is a member of the AP-2 family of transcription factors. AP-2 proteins form homo- or hetero-dimers with other AP-2 family members and bind specific DNA sequences. They are thought to stimulate cell proliferation and suppress terminal differentiation of specific cell types during embryonic development. Specific AP-2 family members differ in their expression patterns and binding affinity for different promoters. This protein functions as both a transcriptional activator and repressor.[3]

Clinical significance

Mutations in this gene result in autosomal dominant Char syndrome, suggesting that this gene functions in the differentiation of neural crest cell derivatives.[3]

References

  1. Moser M, Imhof A, Pscherer A, Bauer R, Amselgruber W, Sinowatz F, Hofstädter F, Schüle R, Buettner R (1 September 1995). "Cloning and characterization of a second AP-2 transcription factor: AP-2 beta". Development. 121 (9): 2779–88. PMID 7555706.
  2. Williamson JA, Bosher JM, Skinner A, Sheer D, Williams T, Hurst HC (July 1996). "Chromosomal mapping of the human and mouse homologues of two new members of the AP-2 family of transcription factors". Genomics. 35 (1): 262–4. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0351. PMID 8661133.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: transcription factor AP-2 beta (activating enhancer binding protein 2 beta)".

Further reading

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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