Subscapularis muscle

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Subscapularis muscle
Deep muscles of the chest and front of the arm, with the boundaries of the axilla. (Subscapularis visible near center top.)
Latin musculus subscapularis
Gray's subject #123 440
Origin: subscapular fossa
Insertion: lesser tubercle of humerus
Artery: transverse cervical artery, [1] subscapular artery
Nerve: upper subscapular nerve, lower subscapular nerve (C5, C6)
Action: rotates medially humerus; stabilizes shoulder
Dorlands/Elsevier m_22/12551017

The Subscapularis is a large triangular muscle which fills the subscapular fossa.

Origin and insertion

It arises from its medial two-thirds and from the lower two-thirds of the groove on the axillary border(subscapular fossa) of the scapula.

Some fibers arise from tendinous laminæ which intersect the muscle and are attached to ridges on the bone; others from an aponeurosis, which separates the muscle from the Teres major and the long head of the Triceps brachii.

The fibers pass lateralward, and, gradually converging, end in a tendon which is inserted into the lesser tubercle of the humerus and the front of the capsule of the shoulder-joint.


The tendon of the muscle is separated from the neck of the scapula by a large bursa, which communicates with the cavity of the shoulder-joint through an aperture in the capsule.


Innervation to subscapularis is supplied by the upper and lower subscapular nerves, branches of the posterior cord of the brachial plexus.


The Subscapularis rotates the head of the humerus medially (internal rotation); when the arm is raised, it draws the humerus forward and downward. It is a powerful defense to the front of the shoulder-joint, preventing displacement of the head of the humerus.

Additional images


  1. "Tufts". Retrieved 2007-12-11.

External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.

cs:Podlopatkový sval de:Musculus subscapularis et:Abaluualune lihas id:Otot subscapularis he:השריר התת שכמי nl:Musculus subscapularis sv:Subscapularis