Stanley Schachter

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Stanley Schachter is an American psychologist who was born on April 15, 1922, to Nathan and Anna Schachter in Flushing, New York.

He initially studied Art history at Yale University and then took his Masters in Psychology, there where he was influenced by Clark Hull. In 1946 Schachter went to MIT to work with the German social psychologist Kurt Lewin, in his Research Center for Group Dynamics, studying social issues. Lewin died in 1947, and the research center moved to the University of Michigan, where it became a part of the Institute for Social Research. This was where Schachter gained his Ph.D. in 1949. Schachter's dissertation supervisor was Leon Festinger. With Henry Riecken, they wrote the book When Prophecy Fails (1956), describing what happened to a millennial groups after their predicted date for the end of the world had passes

Schachter's papers are archived at the Bentley Historical Library of the University of Michigan.

Schatcher's two-Factor Theory Schatcher proposed the Two factor theory of emotion. He said emotions have two ingredients: physiological arousal and a cognitive label. Our experience of emotion grows from our bodies awareness of arousal.



Book chapters

  • Schachter,S (1964) The interaction of cognitive and physiological determinants of emotional state. In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, ed. L. *Berkowitz, pp. 49-79. New York: Academic Press.
  • Schachter,S & Latané, B. (1964) . Crime, cognition and the autonomic nervous system. In Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, ed. D. Levine, pp. 221-73. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
  • Schachter,S (1980). Nonpsychological explanations of behavior. In Retrospective on Social Psychology, ed. L. Festinger, pp. 131-57. New York: Oxford University Press.


  • Schachter,S (1951) Deviation, rejection and communication. J. Abnorm. Soc. Psychol. 46:190-207.
  • Schachter,S (1962) With J. Singer. Cognitive, social and physiological determinants of emotional state. Psychol. Rev. 69:379-99.
  • Schachter,S (1963) Birth order, eminence and higher education. Am. Sociol. Rev. 28:757-68.
  • Schachter,S (1968). Obesity and eating. Science 161:751-56.
  • Schachter,S (1971). Some extraordinary facts about obese humans and rats.Am. Psychol. 26:129-44.
  • Schachter,S (1977). Nicotine regulation in heavy and light smokers. J. Exp. Psychol. 106:5-12.
  • Schachter,S (1978). Pharmacological and psychological determinants of cigarette smoking. Ann. Intern. Med. 88:104-14.
  • Schachter,S (1982). Recidivism and self-cure of smoking and obesity. Am. Psychol. 37:436-44.
  • Schachter,S (1991) With N. J. S. Christenfeld, B. Ravina, and F. R. Bilous. Speech disfluency and the structure of knowledge. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 60:362-67.

Biographies, Autobiographies and Festschrift

  • Grunberg, N. E. Nisbett, R. E., Rodin, J., and Singer, J. E. (1987). A Distinctive Approach to Psychological Research: The Influence of Stanley
  • Schachter,S (1989) Stanley Schachter. In A History of Psychology in Autobiography, ed. G. Lindzey. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Schachter. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,

External links

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