Stachybotrys is a genus of molds, or asexually-reproducing, filamentous fungi. Closely related to the genus Memnoniella, most Stachybotrys species inhabit materials rich in cellulose.
The most infamous species, S. chartarum (also known as S. atra) is known as "black mould" or "toxic black mould," and is frequently associated with poor indoor air quality that arises after fungal growth on water-damaged building materials. It is known to produce trichothecenemycotoxins including satratoxins.
↑Haugland, RA, Vesper SJ, Harmon SM (2001). "Phylogenetic relationships of Memnoniella and Stachybotrys species and evalution of morphological features for Memnoniella species identification". Mycologia. 93: 54&ndash, 65.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
↑Castlebury L, Rossman A, Sung G, Hyten A, Spatafora J (2004). "Multigene phylogeny reveals new lineage for Stachybotrys chartarum, the indoor air fungus". Mycol Res. 108 (Pt 8): 864–72. PMID15449591.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
↑Fog Nielsen K (2003). "Mycotoxin production by indoor molds". Fungal Genet Biol. 39 (2): 103–17. PMID12781669.