- By the Emergency Medical Services or by volunteer first responders, to immobilize a fractured limb before the transportation; it is then a temporary immobilization;
- By an occupational therapist, via a physician's orders, to immobilize an articulation (e.g. the knee) that can be freed while not standing (e.g. during sleep).
- By Athletic Trainers to immobilize an injured bone or joint to facilitate safer transportation of the injured person.
How to Make a Splint
In case of a medical emergency, one should make a splint:
- Treat the area of all wounds before creating the splint.
- The injured limb should be left in the position that it was found in.
- Something rigid will be best for support such as sticks, boards, or rolled up newspaper. If these are not available, try rolled up clothing. The limb can also be taped to an uninjured body part to prevent it from moving.
- Extend the splint above and below the injured area to prevent it from moving. Splinting beyond the closest two joints is ideal.
- Secure the splint with ties and be sure not to knot the injured area. Avoid tying too tight as it may cut off circulation.
- Check the area often for swelling or paleness
- Seek medical attention quickly.
- Cervical collar
- Extrication splint (KED, Kendrick's extrication device)
- Long spine board
- Vacuum mattress
- Orthopedic surgery
- Spica splint
- SAM Splint
- Home Treatment for Finger, Hand & Wrist Injuries on WebMD
- Cast & Splint Care Tips on WebMD
- The American Red Cross
- Splinting techniques using thermoplastics