Solanum nigrum

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Solanum nigrum
File:Solanum nigrum.jpeg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. nigrum
Binomial name
Solanum nigrum
L.
Subspecies

S. nigrum subsp. nigrum
S. nigrum subsp. schultesii

File:Solanum nigrum fruit black.jpg
Black nightshade berries

Solanum nigrum (Black Nightshade, Duscle, Garden Nightshade, Hound's Berry, Petty Morel, Small-fruited black nightshade, Sunberry, or Wonderberry) is a species in the Solanum genus, native to Eurasia and also introduced in the Americas. In Hawaii it is called popolo.[1]

The green berries and mature leaves contain glycoalkaloids and are poisonous to eat raw. Their toxicity varies and there are some strains which have edible berries when fully ripe.[2] The plant has a long history of medicinal usage, dating back to ancient Greece.

Black nightshade is a fairly common plant, found in many wooded areas, as well as disturbed habitats. It has a height of 30-120 cm (12-48"), leaves 4-7.5 cm (1 1/2-3") long; ovate to heart-shaped, with wavy or large-toothed edges. The flowers have petals greenish to whitish, recurved when aged and surround prominent bright yellow anthers. The fruits are oval black berries in small hanging clusters.

References

  1. Arnold, M.D., Harry L. (1968). Poisonous Plants of Hawaii. Tokyo, Japan: Charles E. Tuttle Co. p. 55. ISBN 0804804745.
  2. Nancy J Turner, Adam F Szczawinski, "Common Poisonous Plants and Mushrooms of North America" p.128

External links

cs:Lilek černý da:Sort Natskygge de:Schwarzer Nachtschatten hu:Fekete ebszőlő nl:Zwarte nachtschade qu:Q'aya-q'aya fi:Mustakoiso sv:Nattskatta


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