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Template:Infobox gene Transcription factor SOX-3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SOX3 gene.[1][2][1]

This gene encodes a member of the SOX (SRY-related HMG-box) family of transcription factors involved in the regulation of embryonic brain development and in determination of cell fate. The encoded protein acts as a transcriptional activator.[3] Mutations in this gene have been associated with X-linked hypopituitarism (XH) and X-linked mental retardation. Patients with XH are male, have short stature, exhibit a mild form of mental retardation and present pan-hypopituitarism. [2] [4]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Woods KS, Cundall M, Turton J, Rizotti K, Mehta A, Palmer R, Wong J, Chong WK, Al-Zyoud M, El-Ali M, Otonkoski T, Martinez-Barbera JP, Thomas PQ, Robinson IC, Lovell-Badge R, Woodward KJ, Dattani MT (May 2005). "Over- and underdosage of SOX3 is associated with infundibular hypoplasia and hypopituitarism". American Journal of Human Genetics. 76 (5): 833–49. PMC 1199372Freely accessible. PMID 15800844. doi:10.1086/430134. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: SOX3 SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 3". 
  3. Bylund M, Andersson E, Novitch BG, Muhr J (Nov 2003). "Vertebrate neurogenesis is counteracted by Sox1-3 activity". Nature Neuroscience. 6 (11): 1162–8. PMID 14517545. doi:10.1038/nn1131. 
  4. Barber, TM, Cheetham T, Ball SG (2004). "X-linked hypopituitarism: clinical and biochemical features of a rare cause of short stature". Endocrine Abstracts. 7 (1): 248. 

Further reading

External links

Template:Gene-X-stub This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.