# Rhombus

In geometry, a **rhombus** (from Ancient Greek * ῥόμβος* - rhombos, “rhombus, spinning top”), (plural

**rhombi**or

**rhombuses**) or

**rhomb**(plural

**rhombs**) is an equilateral parallelogram. In other words, it is a four-sided polygon in which every side has the same length.

The rhombus is often casually called a diamond, after the diamonds suit in playing cards, or a lozenge, because those shapes are rhombi, although rhombi are not necessarily diamonds or lozenges.

A rhombus is a variety of quadrilateral. A rectangular rhombus is known as a square.

## Contents

### Area

The area of any rhombus is the product of the lengths of its diagonals divided by two:

'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000001-QINU`"'

Because the rhombus is a parallelogram, the area also equals the length of a side (B) multiplied by the perpendicular distance between two opposite sides(H)

'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000002-QINU`"'

The area also equals the square of the side multiplied by the sine of any of the exterior angles:

'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000003-QINU`"'

where a is the length of the side and '"`UNIQ--postMath-00000004-QINU`"' is the angle between two sides.

### A proof that the diagonals are perpendicular

One of the five 2D lattice types is the rhombic lattice, also called centered rectangular lattice.

If A, B, C and D were the vertices of the rhombus, named in agreement with the figure (higher on this page). Using '"`UNIQ--postMath-00000005-QINU`"' to represent the vector from A to B, one notices that

'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000006-QINU`"'

'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000007-QINU`"'.

The last equality comes from the parallelism of CD and AB.
Taking the inner product,

- '"`UNIQ--postMath-00000008-QINU`"'
- '"`UNIQ--postMath-00000009-QINU`"'
- '"`UNIQ--postMath-0000000A-QINU`"'

since the norms of AB and BC are equal and since the inner product is bilinear and symmetric. The inner product of the diagonals is zero if and only if they are perpendicular.

### Tilings

200px Rhombic tiling |

This is also a called Tessellation.

## Origin

The word *rhombus* is from the Greek word for something that spins. Euclid used *ρόμβος* (*rhombos*), from the verb *ρέμβω* (*rhembo*), meaning "to turn round and round".^{[1]}^{[2]} Archimedes used the term "solid rhombus" for two right circular cones sharing a common base.^{[3]}

## References

## External links

40x40px | Look up in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.rhombus |

Wikimedia Commons has media related to .[[commons:Lua error in Module:WikidataIB at line 428: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).|Lua error in Module:WikidataIB at line 428: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).]] |

- Parallelogram and Rhombus - Animated course (Construction, Circumference, Area)
- Rhombus definition. Math Open Reference With interactive applet.
- Rhombus area. Math Open Reference Shows three different ways to compute the area of a rhombus, with interactive applet.

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