Rhombus

(Redirected from Rhombic)
Jump to: navigation, search
File:Rhombus.svg
Two rhombi.

In geometry, a rhombus (from Ancient Greek ῥόμβος - rhombos, “rhombus, spinning top”), (plural rhombi or rhombuses) or rhomb (plural rhombs) is an equilateral parallelogram. In other words, it is a four-sided polygon in which every side has the same length.

The rhombus is often casually called a diamond, after the diamonds suit in playing cards, or a lozenge, because those shapes are rhombi, although rhombi are not necessarily diamonds or lozenges.

A rhombus is a variety of quadrilateral. A rectangular rhombus is known as a square.

Area

The area of any rhombus is the product of the lengths of its diagonals divided by two:

'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000001-QINU`"'

Because the rhombus is a parallelogram, the area also equals the length of a side (B) multiplied by the perpendicular distance between two opposite sides(H)

'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000002-QINU`"'

The area also equals the square of the side multiplied by the sine of any of the exterior angles:

'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000003-QINU`"'

where a is the length of the side and '"`UNIQ--postMath-00000004-QINU`"' is the angle between two sides.

A proof that the diagonals are perpendicular

One of the five 2D lattice types is the rhombic lattice, also called centered rectangular lattice.

If A, B, C and D were the vertices of the rhombus, named in agreement with the figure (higher on this page). Using '"`UNIQ--postMath-00000005-QINU`"' to represent the vector from A to B, one notices that
'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000006-QINU`"'
'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000007-QINU`"'.
The last equality comes from the parallelism of CD and AB. Taking the inner product,

'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000008-QINU`"'
'"`UNIQ--postMath-00000009-QINU`"'
'"`UNIQ--postMath-0000000A-QINU`"'

since the norms of AB and BC are equal and since the inner product is bilinear and symmetric. The inner product of the diagonals is zero if and only if they are perpendicular.

Tilings

200px
Rhombic tiling

This is also a called Tessellation.

Origin

The word rhombus is from the Greek word for something that spins. Euclid used ρόμβος (rhombos), from the verb ρέμβω (rhembo), meaning "to turn round and round".[1][2] Archimedes used the term "solid rhombus" for two right circular cones sharing a common base.[3]

References

External links

ar:معين (هندسة رياضية) ast:Rombu az:Romb be:Ромб be-x-old:Ромб bs:Romb bg:Ромб ca:Rombe cs:Kosočtverec da:Rombe de:Raute et:Romb el:Ρόμβος eo:Rombo gl:Rombo ko:마름모 hr:Romb id:Belah ketupat it:Rombo (geometria) he:מעוין ka:რომბი ht:Lozanj lv:Rombs lt:Rombas li:Roet hu:Rombusz mk:Ромб mn:Ромб nl:Ruit (meetkunde) no:Rombe km:ចតុកោណស្មើ nds:Ruut qu:Puytu scn:Rummu simple:Rhombus sk:Kosoštvorec sl:Romb sr:Ромб su:Beulahan kupat fi:Neljäkäs sv:Romb uk:Ромб vls:Rute