Pyruvate decarboxylation

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Overview

Pyruvate decarboxylation is the biochemical reaction that uses pyruvate to form acetyl-CoA, releasing reducing equivalents and carbon dioxide. Pyruvate decarboxylation, which links the metabolic pathways glycolysis and the citric acid cycle, is referred to as "the transition reaction," "the link reaction," or "the oxidative decarboxylation reaction." This reaction is usually catalyzed by the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex as part of aerobic respiration.[1] In eukaryotes, pyruvate decarboxylation takes place exclusively inside mitochondria; in prokaryotes similar reactions take place in the cytoplasm and at the plasma membrane.[2]

The oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate in anaerobic organisms differs from the aerobic process in that the electron acceptor is an iron-sulfur protein, not NAD+. The conversion is catalyzed by a thiamine-dependent enzyme that also acylates coenzyme A.[3] The reducing equivalents are disposed of by the production of H2 via hydrogenase.

References

  1. Alberts et al. Molecular Biology of the Cell. Garland Science, 2001. ISBN 0-8153-4072-9
  2. Raven et al. Biology, 8th edition. McGraw Hill, 2008. ISBN 978-0-07-110202-5
  3. Eric Chabrière, Xavier Vernède, Bruno Guigliarelli, Marie-Hélène Charon, E. Claude Hatchikian, Juan C. Fontecilla-Camps “Crystal Structure of the Free Radical Intermediate of Pyruvate:Ferredoxin Oxidoreductase” Science 2001, Volume 294, page 2559.

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| group5 = Clinical Trials Involving Pyruvate decarboxylation | list5 = Ongoing Trials on Pyruvate decarboxylation at Clinical Trials.govTrial results on Pyruvate decarboxylationClinical Trials on Pyruvate decarboxylation at Google


| group6 = Guidelines / Policies / Government Resources (FDA/CDC) Regarding Pyruvate decarboxylation | list6 = US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Pyruvate decarboxylationNICE Guidance on Pyruvate decarboxylationNHS PRODIGY GuidanceFDA on Pyruvate decarboxylationCDC on Pyruvate decarboxylation


| group7 = Textbook Information on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list7 = Books and Textbook Information on Pyruvate decarboxylation


| group8 = Pharmacology Resources on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list8 = AND (Dose)}} Dosing of Pyruvate decarboxylationAND (drug interactions)}} Drug interactions with Pyruvate decarboxylationAND (side effects)}} Side effects of Pyruvate decarboxylationAND (Allergy)}} Allergic reactions to Pyruvate decarboxylationAND (overdose)}} Overdose information on Pyruvate decarboxylationAND (carcinogenicity)}} Carcinogenicity information on Pyruvate decarboxylationAND (pregnancy)}} Pyruvate decarboxylation in pregnancyAND (pharmacokinetics)}} Pharmacokinetics of Pyruvate decarboxylation


| group9 = Genetics, Pharmacogenomics, and Proteinomics of Pyruvate decarboxylation | list9 = AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Genetics of Pyruvate decarboxylationAND (pharmacogenomics)}} Pharmacogenomics of Pyruvate decarboxylationAND (proteomics)}} Proteomics of Pyruvate decarboxylation


| group10 = Newstories on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list10 = Pyruvate decarboxylation in the newsBe alerted to news on Pyruvate decarboxylationNews trends on Pyruvate decarboxylation


| group11 = Commentary on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list11 = Blogs on Pyruvate decarboxylation

| group12 = Patient Resources on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list12 = Patient resources on Pyruvate decarboxylationDiscussion groups on Pyruvate decarboxylationPatient Handouts on Pyruvate decarboxylationDirections to Hospitals Treating Pyruvate decarboxylationRisk calculators and risk factors for Pyruvate decarboxylation


| group13 = Healthcare Provider Resources on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list13 = Symptoms of Pyruvate decarboxylationCauses & Risk Factors for Pyruvate decarboxylationDiagnostic studies for Pyruvate decarboxylationTreatment of Pyruvate decarboxylation

| group14 = Continuing Medical Education (CME) Programs on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list14 = CME Programs on Pyruvate decarboxylation

| group15 = International Resources on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list15 = Pyruvate decarboxylation en EspanolPyruvate decarboxylation en Francais

| group16 = Business Resources on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list16 = Pyruvate decarboxylation in the MarketplacePatents on Pyruvate decarboxylation

| group17 = Informatics Resources on Pyruvate decarboxylation | list17 = List of terms related to Pyruvate decarboxylation


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