Pneumocyte

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The alveoli are lined with two types of cell, the Type I and Type II pneumocytes.

Type I

The Type I pneumocyte is a very large, thin cell stretched over a very large area. This cell cannot replicate and is susceptible to a large number of toxic insults. Type I pneumocytes are responsible for gas exchange occurring in the alveoli.

Type II

Alveolar type II cell, the lamellar bodies can be seen leaving the surface of the cell.

The Type II granular pneumocyte is a roughly cuboidal cell that is usually found at the alveolar septal junctions. Type II cells cover about 5% of the surface area of the alveoli, whereas type I pneumocytes (because of their squamous shape) cover 95% of the total area. Even though they cover less surface area, type II cells greatly outnumber type I cells. Type II cells are responsible for the production and secretion of surfactant.

The Type II pneumocyte can replicate in the alveoli and will replicate to replace damaged Type I pneumocytes.

Type II pneumocytes are larger than type I pneumocytes.

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| group5 = Clinical Trials Involving Pneumocyte | list5 = Ongoing Trials on Pneumocyte at Clinical Trials.govTrial results on PneumocyteClinical Trials on Pneumocyte at Google


| group6 = Guidelines / Policies / Government Resources (FDA/CDC) Regarding Pneumocyte | list6 = US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on PneumocyteNICE Guidance on PneumocyteNHS PRODIGY GuidanceFDA on PneumocyteCDC on Pneumocyte


| group7 = Textbook Information on Pneumocyte | list7 = Books and Textbook Information on Pneumocyte


| group8 = Pharmacology Resources on Pneumocyte | list8 = AND (Dose)}} Dosing of PneumocyteAND (drug interactions)}} Drug interactions with PneumocyteAND (side effects)}} Side effects of PneumocyteAND (Allergy)}} Allergic reactions to PneumocyteAND (overdose)}} Overdose information on PneumocyteAND (carcinogenicity)}} Carcinogenicity information on PneumocyteAND (pregnancy)}} Pneumocyte in pregnancyAND (pharmacokinetics)}} Pharmacokinetics of Pneumocyte


| group9 = Genetics, Pharmacogenomics, and Proteinomics of Pneumocyte | list9 = AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Genetics of PneumocyteAND (pharmacogenomics)}} Pharmacogenomics of PneumocyteAND (proteomics)}} Proteomics of Pneumocyte


| group10 = Newstories on Pneumocyte | list10 = Pneumocyte in the newsBe alerted to news on PneumocyteNews trends on Pneumocyte</small>


| group11 = Commentary on Pneumocyte | list11 = Blogs on Pneumocyte

| group12 = Patient Resources on Pneumocyte | list12 = Patient resources on PneumocyteDiscussion groups on PneumocytePatient Handouts on PneumocyteDirections to Hospitals Treating PneumocyteRisk calculators and risk factors for Pneumocyte


| group13 = Healthcare Provider Resources on Pneumocyte | list13 = Symptoms of PneumocyteCauses & Risk Factors for PneumocyteDiagnostic studies for PneumocyteTreatment of Pneumocyte

| group14 = Continuing Medical Education (CME) Programs on Pneumocyte | list14 = CME Programs on Pneumocyte

| group15 = International Resources on Pneumocyte | list15 = Pneumocyte en EspanolPneumocyte en Francais

| group16 = Business Resources on Pneumocyte | list16 = Pneumocyte in the MarketplacePatents on Pneumocyte

| group17 = Informatics Resources on Pneumocyte | list17 = List of terms related to Pneumocyte


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